We're looking for contributors

William Wyler: Oscar Actors Director

William WylerWilliam Wyler was one of the greatest film directors Hollywood – or any other film industry – has ever produced. Today, Wyler lacks the following of Alfred Hitchcock, John Ford, Frank Capra, or even Howard Hawks most likely because, unlike Hitchcock, Ford, or Capra (and to a lesser extent Hawks), Wyler never focused on a particular genre, while his films were hardly as male-centered as those of the aforementioned four directors. Dumb but true: Films about women and their issues tend to be perceived as inferior to those about men – especially tough men – and their issues.

The German-born Wyler (1902, in Alsace, now part of France) immigrated to the United States in his late teens. Following a stint at Universal's New York office, he moved to Hollywood and by the mid-'20s was directing Western shorts. His ascent was quick; by 1929 Wyler was directing Universal's top female star, Laura La Plante in the fluffy but enjoyable comedy The Love Trap.

From then on, Wyler became one of Hollywood's most prestigious filmmakers, tackling all sorts of topics – from Quaker family values to closeted homosexuality – while venturing into just about every type of movie genre: Westerns (Hell's Heroes, The Big Country), socially conscious dramas (Dead End, The Best Years of Our Lives, Friendly Persuasion, The Liberation of L.B. Jones), melodramas (A House Divided, Dodsworth, Mrs. Miniver), thrillers (Detective Story, The Desperate Hour), comedies (The Gay Deception, How to Steal a Million), romantic fare (The Good Fairy, Jezebel, Wuthering Heights), kinky fare (The Collector), and prestigious stage adaptations (The Letter, The Heiress, The Children's Hour). All that, in addition to war documentaries (The Memphis Belle, The Fighting Lady), a musical (Funny Girl), and a mammoth epic (Ben-Hur).

From the mid-1920s to his last film in 1970, Wyler also directed just about everyone in Hollywood, from the aforementioned Laura La Plante to Barbra Streisand, from John Barrymore to Omar Sharif, plus the likes of Gary Cooper, Merle Oberon, Walter Pidgeon, Joel McCrea, Sylvia Sidney, Henry Fonda, Humphrey Bogart, Eleanor Parker, Kirk Douglas, Montgomery Clift, Frances Farmer, Lupe Velez, Herbert Marshall, Laurence Olivier, Jennifer Jones, Virginia Mayo, Peter O'Toole, Dana Andrews, Bebe Daniels, Francis Lederer, Ruth Chatterton, Audrey Hepburn, Paul Lukas, Constance Cummings, Dorothy McGuire, Doris Kenyon, Myrna Loy, Fredric March, James Garner, Frances Dee, Gregory Peck, and dozens of others.

Many of those performers reached career highs – at least from an acting standpoint – in their films for Wyler. I could mention Olivia de Havilland at her very best in The Heiress. Bette Davis, delivering two of her most brilliant characterizations in both The Letter and The Little Foxes. Miriam Hopkins superb in both These Three (as The Children's Hour's lesbian turned heterosexual for the movie version) and its remake, The Children's Hour (as the dotty aunt of the lesbian character, now played by Shirley MacLaine). Terence Stamp and Samantha Eggar, beautifully playing off of each other in The Collector. (Though definitely not Charlton Heston in Ben-Hur. But then again, even the most effective actors' director can only do so much.)

Apart from a handful of lighthearted characters such as those found in The Westerner and Roman Holiday, dramatic roles (even if at times tinged with comedy) dominate the list of Oscar-nominated performances in films directed by Wyler. There were 36 nominations in all – among them 14 wins – running the gamut from Walter Huston's conflicted husband in Dodsworth to Hugh Griffith's hammy sheik in Ben-Hur; from Claire Trevor's embittered prostitute in Dead End to Greer Garson's nobly suffering Englishwoman in Mrs. Miniver.

Bette Davis appears on the list three times, for Jezebel (1938), The Letter (1940), and The Little Foxes (1941). Walter Brennan, Fay Bainter, and Teresa Wright appear twice each in the supporting categories: Brennan for Come and Get It (1936), on which Wyler replaced Howard Hawks, and The Westerner (1940); Bainter for Jezebel and The Children's Hour (1961); and Wright for The Little Foxes and Mrs. Miniver (1942).

[Continues on next page. See link below.]

If you found William Wyler: Oscar Actors Director an informative post, please recommend it to your friends. See share buttons above and on the left.
And consider following Alt Film Guide on Facebook and/or joining the FB group All About Movies.
William Wyler: Oscar Actors Director © 2004-2015 Alt Film Guide and/or author(s). Text NOT to be reproduced without prior written consent.

Continue Reading: William Wyler/Oscar Actors: Walter Huston, Bette Davis

Previous Post: Seth Rogen Ridicules Brett Ratner: Spirit Awards


You can leave your comment about William Wyler: Oscar Actors Director in the space below. Important: Different views and opinions are perfectly fine, but courtesy and respect are imperative. Abusive, bigoted, baseless (spreading misinformation), and/or inflammatory comments will be deleted, and such commenters may be banned.

You can use these HTML tags and attributes: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

2 Comments to William Wyler: Oscar Actors Director

  1. Bill B.

    I do realize that he does not have the fan base of a Hitchcock or a Ford, but I always thought he was the greatest director of his era. He deserves to have directed the most actors to Oscar nominations as he was truly an actors' director as opposed to Hitchcock who was the complete opposite, which is why I have problems with a number of his films despite their acclaim and achievements. I agree so much with this article, especially DeHavilland's perfect performance in The Heiress (by far her finest), Davis' towering evil performance in The Little Foxes, my favorite along with All About Eve and how no one could get the wood out of a Charlton Heston performance, though Orson Welles came pretty close in A Touch of Evil. As a very young person, The Collector totally changed my view on film. Before that, movies were fluff, nostalgia and some mighty fine entertainment. Afterwards, film became a serious subject to me. Sad that Wyler is so unsung these days.

  2. Sandy

    Missing from that list: Shirley MacLaine and Miriam Hopkins in "The Children's Hour." Neither one received an Oscar nomination, I know, but they SHOULD have.




FROM THE ARCHIVES

Sean Connery: European Film Academy Lifetime Achievement Award
Janet Gaynor Centennial
HOLLYWOOD CHINESE at the AFI FEST 2007
Doris Day and Anna May Wong on Turner Classic Movies
Best Films - 1931
2009 UCLA Festival of Preservation V: RUTHLESS, Vitaphone Varieties
Sterling Hayden on TCM
Japanese Horror Classics: GOKE, HAUSU at the Egyptian
BLOWUP Review Pt.3: Engaging the Very Meaning of 'Meaning' Itself
PLANET OF THE APES, Joan Crawford, Film Noir Classics: Packard Campus
Jean Gabin on TCM: GRAND ILLUSION, PEPE LE MOKO, TOUCHEZ PAS AU GRISBI
Myrna Loy: Never Oscar Nominated
Janet Leigh TOUCH OF EVIL / Orson Welles Remembered
Charles Chaplin LIMELIGHT 60th Anniversary Screening with Claire Bloom
Janet Gaynor and Charles Farrell: Studio Manufactured Affairs
BROKEN BLOSSOMS, Lillian Gish: Best Movies of the 1910s
Pope Movies
Ramon Novarro and Greta Garbo: MATA HARI vs. Puritanical Censors
First Best Actor and Best Actress Academy Award Winners
Simone Simon Remembered: Sex Kitten and Femme Fatale