***We're looking for contributors***

DGA Awards vs. Best Director Oscar: Academy Less Populist & More Daring

Ralph Fiennes in The Reader
Ralph Fiennes in Oscar nominee (but not DGA nominee) Stephen Daldry's The Reader

In 1948, the 12-year-old Directors Guild of America (DGA), then known as the Screen Directors Guild (SDG), began handing out annual achievement awards. Three Best Director Oscar winners – Frank Capra, John Ford, and Norman Taurog – alongside George Sidney, Delmer Daves, H. Bruce Humberstone, Irving Pichel, and, ex-officio, Guild president George Marshall took part in the initial Awards Committee in the selection of the Directors Guild Award honorees. The DGA Awards' first winner was Joseph L. Mankiewicz for A Letter to Three Wives, a critically acclaimed comedy-drama that would earn Mankiewicz a Best Director Academy Award the following year.

Before 1970 (awards handed out in 1971), the Guild's list of finalists consisted of a variable number of directors, almost always more than five. From 1970 on, when the Directors Guild began restricting its list of motion picture nominees to five directors per year, a DGA nod has generally translated into an Academy Award nod.

There have been, however, quite a few exceptions to this rule. In fact, to date only five times have the DGA choices exactly matched the Academy's shortlist: 1977, 1981, 1998, 2005, and 2009. (A DGA win has mostly – though not invariably – translated into an Oscar win as well; see discrepancies further below.)

Generally speaking, non-Hollywood and less commercial films tend to fare better with the Directors Branch of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) than with the Guild, partly because screeners aren't allowed to be sent to DGA members (foreign and small independent films would then be less readily available for viewing), but perhaps chiefly because of the DGA's huge membership.

For comparison's sake: the DGA boasts about 14,500 members while the Academy's considerably more elitist Directors Branch has 367 (in Jan. 2012). The Guild's membership includes motion picture and television directors, first and second assistant directors, unit production managers, technical coordinators, tape associate directors, stage managers, and production associates.

All things being equal, the larger the voting body the more mundane – or more mainstream, if you wish – are the choices. That also helps to explain why the likes of Federico Fellini, Ingmar Bergman, Atom Egoyan, Pietro Germi, Akira Kurosawa, Hiroshi Teshigahara, Lina Wertmüller, Louis Malle, Michelangelo Antonioni, Gillo Pontecorvo, David Lynch, François Truffaut, Jan Troell, Fernando Meirelles, Stanley Kubrick, Jane Campion, Robert Altman, Costa-Gavras, Pedro Almodóvar, and Krzysztof Kieslowski have received Best Director Oscar nods without any of them ever coming out on top. After all, every Academy member – currently about 6,000 of them – is entitled to vote for the winner in each category.

Maria Schneider, Marlon Brando in Last Tango in ParisPhoto: Marlon Brando and Maria Schneider in Last Tango in Paris.]

Since 1970, when the DGA instituted the five-nominee limit, a mere ten directors of (at least mostly) non-English-language films have received DGA nods: Lina Wertmüller (Seven Beauties, 1976), Wolfgang Petersen (Das Boot, 1982), Ingmar Bergman (Fanny and Alexander, 1983), Lasse Hallström (My Life As a Dog, 1987), Giuseppe Tornatore (Cinema Paradiso, 1990), Michael Radford (Il Postino / The Postman, 1995), Robert Benigni (Life Is Beautiful, 1998), Ang Lee (Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon, 2000), Julian Schnabel (The Diving Bell and the Butterfly), and Danny Boyle (Slumdog Millionaire, 2009).

The above list can be expanded to twelve if you include Bernardo Bertolucci for Last Tango in Paris, which has a sizable amount of English dialogue, and Michel Hazanavicius' French-made but Hollywood-set The Artist.

During that same period (excepting 2011, as Oscar nominations will be announced only later this month), 21 directors of non-English-language films received Academy Award nominations. (Twenty-two if you include Bertolucci and his Last Tango.)

Additionally, directors of English-language – but non-American – films tend to be better liked by Academy members as well. Paul Greengrass (United 93, UK), Atom Egoyan (The Sweet Hereafter, Canada), Peter Cattaneo (The Full Monty, UK), Ken Russell (Women in Love, UK), Jim Sheridan (My Left Foot and In the Name of the Father, UK/Ireland), John Boorman (Hope and Glory, UK), Chris Noonan (Babe, Australia), Peter Yates (The Dresser, UK), Laurence Olivier (Hamlet, UK), David Lean (Summertime, UK), Hector Babenco (Kiss of the Spider Woman, Brazil), and Kenneth Branagh (Henry V, UK), among others, were left out of the DGA shortlists but went on to receive Academy Award nominations.

Cult or “niche” faves like John Cassavetes (A Woman Under the Influence, 1974), David Lynch (Blue Velvet in 1986, Mulholland Dr. in 2001), Robert Altman (Short Cuts in 1993, Gosford Park in 2001), and Woody Allen (Interiors in 1978, Broadway Danny Rose in 1984, Bullets Over Broadway in 1994) are also better liked by the Academy's Directors Branch (all of the aforementioned movies were nominated) than by the Directors Guild (none of the aforementioned movies was nominated).

The same can be said about controversial box office disappointments or modest performers like The Last Temptation of Christ (an Oscar nod for Martin Scorsese in 1988), The People vs. Larry Flynt (Milos Forman in 1996), Vera Drake (Mike Leigh in 2004), and The Reader (Stephen Daldry, 2008), none of which was to be found in the DGA's list of nominees.

On the other hand, DGA members are big fans of Steven Spielberg, who has garnered 10 nominations (versus six Best Director Oscar nods), including three wins (versus two Oscar wins).

That said, there have been a few instances when DGA members went for a less commercial name while the Academy's Director's branch opted for the big box office guy. The most egregious example is probably the Academy's 1971 Best Director nod for Norman Jewison for his blockbuster musical Fiddler on the Roof, while the DGA nominated Robert Mulligan for his small-scale, coming-of-age romantic drama Summer of '42.

In an even stranger twist, Directors Branch fave Woody Allen (six nominations, including one win) was somehow left out of the 1979 Oscar shortlist even though he did receive a DGA nod for Manhattan – regarded as one of his greatest films.

A Letter to Three Wives Jeanne Crain, Linda Darnell, Ann Sothern
Linda Darnell, Ann Sothern, Jeanne Crain, A Letter to Three Wives

Since pre-1970 Directors Guild Award finalists often consisted of more than five directors, it was impossible to get an exact match for the DGA's and the Academy's lists of nominees. In the list below, the years before 1970 include DGA finalists (DGA) who didn't receive an Academy Award nod and, if applicable, those Academy Award-nominated directors (AMPAS) not found in the – usually much lengthier – DGA list. The label “DGA/AMPAS” means the directors in question received nominations for both the DGA Award and the Academy Award.

The DGA Awards vs. Academy Awards list below goes from 1948 (the DGA Awards' first year) to 1952. Follow-up posts will cover the ensuing decades. The number in parentheses next to “DGA” indicates that year's number of DGA finalists if other than five.

It should be noted that for a number of years, the DGA/AMPAS eligibility periods didn't exactly match. As a result, movies eligible for the DGA Awards one year would be eligible for the Oscars the next – or vice-versa.

For instance, Joseph L. Mankiewicz became the first DGA Award winner – for the year 1948 – for the drama A Letter to Three Wives, an early 1949 release that would earn him the Best Director Oscar for that year (at the 1950 Academy Awards ceremony). Also, Carol Reed's The Third Man was shortlisted by the DGA in 1949, but its Oscar nomination came out in 1950. Additionally, Jose Ferrer won the 1950 Best Actor Oscar for Cyrano de Bergerac, which would earn director Michael Gordon a DGA Award nomination the following year.

I should also note that Directors Guild members could vote for the Best Director Academy Award nominations until 1956. Discrepancies in the DGA/AMPAS nominations during that period, such as Oscar but not DGA nominations for John Huston (The African Queen and Moulin Rouge) and David Lean (Summertime), could be related to eligibility rules (all three aforementioned titles, for instance, were either British or Anglo-American productions – though The Third Man was shortlisted by the DGA), screening availability (both Huston films were last-minute releases), or to different methods of tabulating votes. The Academy uses the notorious preferential voting system.

See list of DGA Awards vs. Academy Awards further below.

Catherine Zeta Jones in Chicago
Adrien Brody in The Pianist
Catherine Zeta-Jones in Rob Marshall's Chicago (top); Adrien Brody in Roman Polanski's The Pianist (bottom)

Since its inception in 1948, 51 out of 62 winners of the Directors Guild Award (DGA) have gone on to win a matching Best Director Academy Award (AMPAS). The eight exceptions are listed below.

In one of those instances, the same director/film won both awards but in different years. Joseph L. Mankiewicz won the 1948 DGA Award for A Letter to Three Wives, an early 1949 release. Eventually, Mankiewicz went on to win the 1949 Best Director Oscar for that film as well. (John Huston won the 1948 Best Director Academy Award for The Treasure of the Sierra Madre; Robert Rossen won the 1949 DGA Award for All the King's Men, which also took home the Best Picture Oscar.)

It should be noted that to date Steven Spielberg (for The Color Purple in 1985) and Ron Howard (for Apollo 13 in 1995) are the only two DGA Award winners who failed to receive a matching Best Director Oscar nomination.

In early 2003, something particularly curious took place. As usual, the DGA Award voters opted for the safe choice, Rob Marshall for the popular 2002 musical Chicago, which went on to win the Best Picture Oscar. Somewhat surprisingly, the Academy membership – well, at least enough of them to guarantee a victory – opted for a controversial choice: Roman Polanski, who couldn't show up to accept his award because in the United States he was (and remains) a fugitive from the law.

1948

DGA
Joseph L. Mankiewicz for A Letter to Three Wives

AMPAS
John Huston for The Treasure of the Sierra Madre

 

1949

DGA
Robert Rossen for All the King's Men

AMPAS
Joseph L. Mankiewicz for A Letter to Three Wives [see 1948]

 

1968

DGA
Anthony Harvey for The Lion in Winter

AMPAS
Carol Reed for Oliver!

 

1972

DGA
Francis Ford Coppola for The Godfather

AMPAS
Bob Fosse for Cabaret

 

1985

DGA
Steven Spielberg for The Color Purple

AMPAS
Sydney Pollack for Out of Africa [Spielberg wasn't even nominated]

 

1995

DGA
Ron Howard for Apollo 13

AMPAS
Mel Gibson for Braveheart [Howard wasn't even nominated]

 

2000

DGA
Ang Lee for Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon

AMPAS
Steven Soderbergh for Traffic

 

2002

DGA
Rob Marshall for Chicago

AMPAS
Roman Polanski for The Pianist

DGA Awards vs. Best Director Oscar nominations

1948

DGA (04)
Joseph L. Mankiewicz, A Letter to Three Wives*
Howard Hawks, Red River

AMPAS
John Huston, The Treasure of the Sierra Madre
Jean Negulesco, Johnny Belinda
Laurence Olivier, Hamlet

AMPAS/DGA
Anatole Litvak, The Snake Pit
Fred Zinnemann, The Search

* DGA Award eligibility extended into early 1949

 

1949

DGA (04)
Mark Robson, Champion
Alfred L. Werker, Lost Boundaries
Carol Reed, The Third Man*

AMPAS
William A. Wellman, Battleground
Carol Reed, The Fallen Idol
William Wyler, The Heiress
Joseph L. Mankiewicz, A Letter to Three Wives (see 1948 DGA nominees)

AMPAS/DGA
Robert Rossen, All the King's Men

* DGA Award eligibility extended into early 1950

 

1950

DGA (04)
Vincente Minnelli, Father's Little Dividend

AMPAS
Carol Reed, The Third Man (see 1949 DGA nominees)
George Cukor, Born Yesterday

AMPAS/DGA
John Huston, The Asphalt Jungle
Joseph L. Mankiewicz, All About Eve
Billy Wilder, Sunset Blvd.

 

1951

DGA (12)
Michael Gordon, Cyrano de Bergerac
Henry King, David and Bathsheba
Laszlo Benedek, Death of a Salesman
Anatole Litvak, Decision Before Dawn
Richard Thorpe, The Great Caruso
Mervyn LeRoy, Quo Vadis?
George Sidney, Show Boat
Alfred Hitchcock, Strangers on a Train

AMPAS
John Huston, The African Queen

DGA/AMPAS
George Stevens, A Place in the Sun
Elia Kazan, A Streetcar Named Desire
Vincente Minnelli, An American in Paris
William Wyler, Detective Story

 

1952

DGA (18)
Vincente Minnelli, The Bad and the Beautiful
Howard Hawks, The Big Sky
Charles Vidor, Hans Christian Andersen
Michael Curtiz, I'll See You in My Dreams
Richard Thorpe, Ivanhoe
Charles Crichton, The Lavender Hill Mob
Hugo Fregonese, My Six Convicts
Albert Lewin, Pandora and the Flying Dutchman
George Cukor, Pat and Mike
Akira Kurosawa, Rashomon
George Sidney, Scaramouche
Stanley Donen and Gene Kelly, Singin' in the Rain
Henry King, The Snows of Kilimanjaro
Elia Kazan, Viva Zapata!

AMPAS
John Huston, Moulin Rouge

DGA/AMPAS
John Ford, The Quiet Man
Cecil B. DeMille, The Greatest Show on Earth
Fred Zinnemann, High Noon
Joseph L. Mankiewicz, 5 Fingers

Summertime, Katharine Hepburn, Rossano Brazzi
Katharine Hepburn, Rossano Brazzi in Oscar nominee (but not DGA nominee) David Lean's Summertime

1953

DGA (12)
Melvin Frank and Norman Panama, Above and Beyond
Walter Lang, Call Me Madam
Daniel Mann, Come Back, Little Sheba
Joseph L. Mankiewicz, Julius Caesar
Henry Koster, The Robe
Jean Negulesco, Titanic
George Sidney, Young Bess

DGA/AMPAS
George Stevens, Shane
Charles Walters, Lili
Billy Wilder, Stalag 17
William Wyler, Roman Holiday
Fred Zinnemann, From Here to Eternity

 

1954

DGA (16)
Edward Dmytryk, The Caine Mutiny
Alfred Hitchcock, Dial M for Murder
Robert Wise, Executive Suite
Anthony Mann, The Glenn Miller Story
Samuel Fuller, Hell and High Water
Henry King, King of Khyber Rifles
Melvin Frank and Norman Panama, Knock on Wood
Don Siegel, Riot in Cell Block 11
Stanley Donen, Seven Brides for Seven Brothers
George Cukor, A Star Is Born
Jean Negulesco, Three Coins in the Fountain

DGA/AMPAS
Elia Kazan, On the Waterfront
Alfred Hitchcock, Rear Window
George Seaton, The Country Girl
William A. Wellman, The High and the Mighty
Billy Wilder, Sabrina

 

1955

DGA (12)
Richard Brooks, Blackboard Jungle
Mark Robson, The Bridges of Toko-Ri
John Ford, The Long Gray Line
Charles Vidor, Love Me or Leave Me
Henry Koster, A Man Called Peter
John Ford and Mervyn LeRoy, Mister Roberts
Daniel Mann, The Rose Tattoo
Billy Wilder, The Seven Year Itch

AMPAS
David Lean, Summertime

DGA/AMPAS
Delbert Mann, Marty
Elia Kazan, East of Eden
Joshua Logan, Picnic
John Sturges, Bad Day at Black Rock

 

1956

DGA (18)
Robert Rossen, Alexander the Great
Joshua Logan, Bus Stop
Henry King, Carousel
George Sidney, The Eddy Duchin Story
Nunnally Johnson, The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit
Alfred Hitchcock, The Man Who Knew Too Much
Roy Rowland, Meet Me in Las Vegas
John Huston, Moby Dick
John Ford, The Searchers
Robert Wise, Somebody Up There Likes Me
Daniel Mann, The Teahouse of the August Moon
Carol Reed, Trapeze
Alfred Hitchcock, The Trouble with Harry

DGA/AMPAS
George Stevens, Giant
Michael Anderson, Around the World in 80 Days
Walter Lang, The King and I
King Vidor, War and Peace
William Wyler, Friendly Persuasion

 

1957

DGA (17)
Leo McCarey, An Affair to Remember
Elia Kazan, A Face in the Crowd
Robert Mulligan, Fear Strikes Out
Stanley Donen, Funny Face
Jose Ferrer, The Great Man
John Sturges, Gunfight at the O.K. Corral
Fred Zinnemann, A Hatful of Rain
John Huston, Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison
George Cukor, Les Girls
Billy Wilder, Love in the Afternoon
Anthony Mann, Men in War
Stanley Kramer, The Pride and the Passion

DGA/AMPAS
David Lean, The Bridge on the River Kwai
Joshua Logan, Sayonara
Sidney Lumet, 12 Angry Men
Mark Robson, Peyton Place
Billy Wilder, Witness for the Prosecution

 

1958

DGA (14)
William Wyler, The Big Country
Richard Brooks, The Brothers Karamazov
Delmer Daves, Cowboy
George Abbott and Stanley Donen, Damn Yankees!
Martin Ritt, The Long, Hot Summer
George Seaton, Teacher's Pet
Alfred Hitchcock, Vertigo
Richard Fleischer, The Vikings
Edward Dmytryk, The Young Lions

DGA/AMPAS
Vincente Minnelli, Gigi
Richard Brooks, Cat on a Hot Tin Roof
Stanley Kramer, The Defiant Ones
Mark Robson, The Inn of the Sixth Happiness
Robert Wise, I Want to Live!

 

1959

DGA (13)
Otto Preminger, Anatomy of a Murder
Richard Fleischer, Compulsion
Frank Capra, A Hole in the Head
John Ford, The Horse Soldiers
Douglas Sirk, Imitation of Life
Alfred Hitchcock, North by Northwest
Leo McCarey, Rally 'Round the Flag, Boys!
Howard Hawks, Rio Bravo
Charles Barton, The Shaggy Dog

AMPAS
Jack Clayton, Room at the Top

DGA/AMPAS
William Wyler, Ben-Hur
George Stevens, The Diary of Anne Frank
Billy Wilder, Some Like It Hot
Fred Zinnemann, The Nun's Story

Hiroshima Mon Amour, Alain Resnais, Eiji Okada, Emmanuelle Riva
Melina Mercouri, Jules Dassin, Never on Sunday
Eiji Okada, Emmanuelle Riva in DGA (but not Oscar) nominee Alain Resnais' Hiroshima Mon Amour (top); Melina Mercouri, Jules Dassin in Dassin's Oscar- (but not DGA-) nominated Never on Sunday (bottom)

1960

DGA (14)
Vincente Minnelli, Bells Are Ringing
Walter Lang, Can-Can
Delbert Mann, The Dark at the Top of the Stairs
Richard Brooks, Elmer Gantry
Alain Resnais, Hiroshima Mon Amour
Vincente Minnelli, Home from the Hill
Carol Reed, Our Man in Havana
Charles Walters, Please Don't Eat the Daisies
Lewis Gilbert, Sink the Bismarck!
Vincent J. Donehue, Sunrise at Campobello

AMPAS
Jules Dassin, Never on Sunday

DGA/AMPAS
Billy Wilder, The Apartment
Jack Cardiff, Sons and Lovers
Alfred Hitchcock, Psycho
Fred Zinnemann, The Sundowners

 

1961

DGA (21)
Robert Stevenson, The Absent Minded Professor
Blake Edwards, Breakfast at Tiffany's
William Wyler, The Children's Hour
Anthony Mann, El Cid
Joshua Logan, Fanny
Henry Koster, Flower Drum Song
Robert Mulligan, The Great Impostor
Philip Leacock, Hand in Hand
Jack Clayton, The Innocents
Mervyn LeRoy, A Majority of One
John Huston, The Misfits
Marlon Brando, One-Eyed Jacks
Frank Capra, Pocketful of Miracles
Daniel Petrie, A Raisin in the Sun
Peter Ustinov, Romanoff and Juliet
Elia Kazan, Splendor in the Grass
Peter Glenville, Summer and Smoke

AMPAS
Federico Fellini, La Dolce Vita

DGA/AMPAS
Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins, West Side Story
Stanley Kramer, Judgment at Nuremberg
Robert Rossen, The Hustler
J. Lee Thompson, The Guns of Navarone

 

1962

DGA (16)
Peter Ustinov, Billy Budd
John Frankenheimer, Birdman of Alcatraz
John Huston, Freud
Stanley Kubrick, Lolita
Sidney Lumet, Long Day's Journey into Night
Ken Annakin, Andrew Marton, Bernhard Wicki, The Longest Day
John Frankenheimer, The Manchurian Candidate
Morton DaCosta, The Music Man
Lewis Milestone, Mutiny on the Bounty
Ralph Nelson, Requiem for a Heavyweight
Tony Richardson, A Taste of Honey
Robert Aldrich, What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?

AMPAS
Frank Perry, David and Lisa

DGA/AMPAS
David Lean, Lawrence of Arabia
Pietro Germi, Divorce, Italian Style
Robert Mulligan, To Kill a Mockingbird
Arthur Penn, The Miracle Worker

 

1963

DGA
Ralph Nelson, Lilies of the Field

AMPAS
Otto Preminger, The Cardinal

DGA/AMPAS
Tony Richardson, Tom Jones
Federico Fellini,
Elia Kazan, America, America
Martin Ritt, Hud

 

1964

DGA
John Huston, The Night of the Iguana

AMPAS
Michael Cacoyannis, Zorba the Greek

DGA/AMPAS
George Cukor, My Fair Lady
Peter Glenville, Becket
Stanley Kubrick, Dr. Strangelove
Robert Stevenson, Mary Poppins

 

1965

DGA
Elliot Silverstein, Cat Ballou
Sidney J. Furie, The Ipcress File
Sidney Lumet, The Pawnbroker

AMPAS
William Wyler, The Collector
David Lean, Doctor Zhivago
Hiroshi Teshigahara, Woman in the Dunes

DGA/AMPAS
Robert Wise, The Sound of Music
John Schlesinger, Darling

 

1966

DGA (10)
Lewis Gilbert, Alfie
James Hill, Born Free
Silvio Narizzano, Georgy Girl
John Frankenheimer, Grand Prix
Norman Jewison, The Russians Are Coming, The Russians Are Coming
Robert Wise, The Sand Pebbles

AMPAS
Michelangelo Antonioni, Blow-Up

DGA/AMPAS
Fred Zinnemann, A Man for All Seasons
Richard Brooks, The Professionals
Claude Lelouch, A Man and a Woman
Mike Nichols, Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?

 

1967

DGA (10)
Stuart Rosenberg, Cool Hand Luke
Robert Aldrich, The Dirty Dozen
James Clavell, To Sir, with Love
Stanley Donen, Two for the Road
Joseph Strick, Ulysses

DGA/AMPAS
Mike Nichols, The Graduate
Richard Brooks, In Cold Blood
Norman Jewison, In the Heat of the Night
Stanley Kramer, Guess Who's Coming to Dinner
Arthur Penn, Bonnie and Clyde

 

1968

DGA (10)
William Wyler, Funny Girl
Paul Almond, Isabel
Gene Saks, The Odd Couple
Jirí Menzel, Closely Watched Trains
Paul Newman, Rachel, Rachel
Roman Polanski, Rosemary's Baby

AMPAS
Gillo Pontecorvo, The Battle of Algiers

DGA/AMPAS
Carol Reed, Oliver!
Anthony Harvey, The Lion in Winter
Stanley Kubrick, 2001: A Space Odyssey
Franco Zeffirelli, Romeo and Juliet

 

1969

DGA (10)
Dennis Hopper, Easy Rider
Larry Peerce, Goodbye, Columbus
Gene Kelly, Hello, Dolly!
Haskell Wexler, Medium Cool
Richard Attenborough, Oh! What a Lovely War
Sam Peckinpah, The Wild Bunch

AMPAS
Arthur Penn, Alice's Restaurant

DGA/AMPAS
John Schlesinger, Midnight Cowboy
Costa-Gavras, Z
George Roy Hill, Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
Sydney Pollack, They Shoot Horses, Don't They?

Murder on the Orient Express movie, Martin Balsam, Albert Finney
Martin Balsam, Albert Finney in Murder on the Orient Express, directed by DGA (but not Oscar) nominee Sidney Lumet

1970

DGA
David Lean, Ryan's Daughter
Bob Rafelson, Five Easy Pieces

AMPAS
Federico Fellini, Satyricon
Ken Russell, Women in Love

DGA/AMPAS
Franklin J. Schaffner, Patton
Robert Altman, MASH
Arthur Hiller, Love Story

 

1971

DGA
Robert Mulligan, Summer of '42

AMPAS
Norman Jewison, Fiddler on the Roof

DGA/AMPAS
William Friedkin, The French Connection
Peter Bogdanovich, The Last Picture Show
Stanley Kubrick, A Clockwork Orange
John Schlesinger, Sunday Bloody Sunday

 

1972

DGA
George Roy Hill, Slaughterhouse-Five
Martin Ritt, Sounder

AMPAS
Joseph L. Mankiewicz, Sleuth
Jan Troell, The Emigrants

DGA/AMPAS
Bob Fosse, Cabaret
John Boorman, Deliverance
Francis Ford Coppola, The Godfather

 

1973

DGA
Sidney Lumet, Serpico

AMPAS
Ingmar Bergman, Cries & Whispers

DGA/AMPAS
George Roy Hill, The Sting
Bernardo Bertolucci, Last Tango in Paris
William Friedkin, The Exorcist
George Lucas, American Graffiti

 

1974

DGA
Sidney Lumet, Murder on the Orient Express
Francis Ford Coppola, The Conversation

AMPAS
John Cassavetes, A Woman Under the Influence
François Truffaut, Day for Night

DGA/AMPAS
Francis Ford Coppola, The Godfather: Part II
Bob Fosse, Lenny
Roman Polanski, Chinatown

 

1975

DGA
Steven Spielberg, Jaws

AMPAS
Federico Fellini, Amarcord

DGA/AMPAS
Milos Forman, One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Robert Altman, Nashville
Stanley Kubrick, Barry Lyndon
Sidney Lumet, Dog Day Afternoon

 

1976

DGA
Martin Scorsese, Taxi Driver

AMPAS
Ingmar Bergman, Face to Face

DGA/AMPAS
John G. Avildsen, Rocky
Sidney Lumet, Network
Alan J. Pakula, All the President's Men
Lina Wertmüller, Seven Beauties

 

1977

DGA/AMPAS
Woody Allen, Annie Hall
George Lucas, Star Wars
Herbert Ross, The Turning Point
Steven Spielberg, Close Encounters of the Third Kind
Fred Zinnemann, Julia

 

1978

DGA
Paul Mazursky, An Unmarried Woman

AMPAS
Woody Allen, Interiors

DGA/AMPAS
Michael Cimino, The Deer Hunter
Hal Ashby, Coming Home
Warren Beatty & Buck Henry, Heaven Can Wait
Alan Parker, Midnight Express

 

1979

DGA
Woody Allen, Manhattan
James Bridges, The China Syndrome

AMPAS
Bob Fosse, All That Jazz
Édouard Molinaro, La Cage aux folles

DGA/AMPAS
Robert Benton, Kramer vs. Kramer
Francis Ford Coppola, Apocalypse Now
Peter Yates, Breaking Away

Bob Hoskins, Jessica Rabbit, Who Framed Roger Rabbit, Robert Zemeckis
Willem Dafoe, The Last Temptation of Christ
Bob Hoskins, Jessica Rabbit in Robert Zemeckis' DGA- (but not Oscar-) nominated Who Framed Roger Rabbit (top); Willem Dafoe in Martin Scorsese's Oscar- (but not DGA-) nominated The Last Temptation of Christ (bottom)

1980

DGA
Michael Apted, Coal Miner's Daughter

AMPAS
Roman Polanski, Tess

DGA/AMPAS
Robert Redford, Ordinary People
David Lynch, The Elephant Man
Richard Rush, The Stunt Man
Martin Scorsese, Raging Bull

 

1981

DGA/AMPAS
Warren Beatty, Reds
Hugh Hudson, Chariots of Fire
Louis Malle, Atlantic City
Mark Rydell, On Golden Pond
Steven Spielberg, Raiders of the Lost Ark

 

1982

DGA
Taylor Hackford, An Officer and a Gentleman

AMPAS
Sidney Lumet, The Verdict

DGA/AMPAS
Richard Attenborough, Gandhi
Wolfgang Petersen, Das Boot
Sydney Pollack, Tootsie
Steven Spielberg, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial

 

1983

DGA
Lawrence Kasdan, The Big Chill
Philip Kaufman, The Right Stuff

AMPAS
Mike Nichols, Silkwood
Peter Yates, The Dresser

DGA/AMPAS
James L. Brooks, Terms of Endearment
Bruce Beresford, Tender Mercies
Ingmar Bergman, Fanny and Alexander

 

1984

DGA
Norman Jewison, A Soldier's Story

AMPAS
Woody Allen, Broadway Danny Rose

DGA/AMPAS
Milos Forman, Amadeus
Robert Benton, Places in the Heart
Roland Joffé, The Killing Fields
David Lean, A Passage to India

 

1985

DGA
Steven Spielberg, The Color Purple
Ron Howard, Cocoon

AMPAS
Akira Kurosawa, Ran
Hector Babenco, Kiss of the Spider Woman

DGA/AMPAS
Sydney Pollack, Out of Africa
John Huston, Prizzi's Honor
Peter Weir, Witness

 

1986

DGA
Randa Haines, Children of a Lesser God
Rob Reiner, Stand By Me

AMPAS
Roland Joffé, The Mission
David Lynch, Blue Velvet

DGA/AMPAS
Oliver Stone, Platoon
Woody Allen, Hannah and Her Sisters
James Ivory, A Room with a View

 

1987

DGA
James L. Brooks, Broadcast News
Steven Spielberg, Empire of the Sun

AMPAS
Norman Jewison, Moonstruck
John Boorman, Hope and Glory

DGA/AMPAS
Bernardo Bertolucci, The Last Emperor
Lasse Hallström, My Life as a Dog
Adrian Lyne, Fatal Attraction

 

1988

DGA
Robert Zemeckis, Who Framed Roger Rabbit

AMPAS
Martin Scorsese, The Last Temptation of Christ

DGA/AMPAS
Barry Levinson, Rain Man
Charles Crichton, A Fish Called Wanda
Mike Nichols, Working Girl
Alan Parker, Mississippi Burning

 

1989

DGA
Phil Alden Robinson, Field of Dreams
Rob Reiner, When Harry Met Sally…

AMPAS
Kenneth Branagh, Henry V
Jim Sheridan, My Left Foot

DGA/AMPAS
Oliver Stone, Born on the Fourth of July
Woody Allen, Crimes and Misdemeanors
Peter Weir, Dead Poets Society

Harrison Ford, The Fugitive movie
Madeleine Stowe, Tim Robbins, Short Cuts, Robert Atlman
Harrison Ford in Andrew Davis' DGA- (but not Oscar-) nominated The Fugitive (top); Madeleine Stowe, Tim Robbins in Robert Altman's Oscar- (but not DGA-) nominated Short Cuts (bottom)

1990

DGA
Barry Levinson, Avalon
Giuseppe Tornatore, Cinema Paradiso [the 1988 Best Foreign Language Film Oscar winner; ineligible for the 1990 Academy Awards]

AMPAS
Stephen Frears, The Grifters
Barbet Schroeder, Reversal of Fortune

DGA/AMPAS
Kevin Costner, Dances with Wolves
Francis Ford Coppola, The Godfather: Part III
Martin Scorsese, Goodfellas

 

1991

DGA
Barbra Streisand, The Prince of Tides

AMPAS
John Singleton, Boyz n the Hood

DGA/AMPAS
Jonathan Demme, The Silence of the Lambs
Barry Levinson, Bugsy
Ridley Scott, Thelma & Louise
Oliver Stone, JFK

 

1992

DGA
Rob Reiner, A Few Good Men

AMPAS
Martin Brest, Scent of a Woman

DGA/AMPAS
Clint Eastwood, Unforgiven
Robert Altman, The Player
James Ivory, Howards End
Neil Jordan, The Crying Game

 

1993

DGA
Martin Scorsese, The Age of Innocence
Andrew Davis, The Fugitive

AMPAS
Jim Sheridan, In the Name of the Father
Robert Altman, Short Cuts

DGA/AMPAS
Steven Spielberg, Schindler's List
Jane Campion, The Piano
James Ivory, The Remains of the Day

 

1994

DGA
Mike Newell, Four Weddings and a Funeral
Frank Darabont, The Shawshank Redemption

AMPAS
Woody Allen, Bullets Over Broadway
Krzysztof Kieslowski, Three Colors: Red

DGA/AMPAS
Robert Zemeckis, Forrest Gump
Robert Redford, Quiz Show
Quentin Tarantino, Pulp Fiction

 

1995

DGA
Ron Howard, Apollo 13
Ang Lee, Sense and Sensibility

AMPAS
Chris Noonan, Babe
Tim Robbins, Dead Man Walking

DGA/AMPAS
Mel Gibson, Braveheart
Mike Figgis, Leaving Las Vegas
Michael Radford, Il Postino

 

1996

DGA
Cameron Crowe, Jerry Maguire

AMPAS
Milos Forman, The People vs. Larry Flynt

DGA/AMPAS
Anthony Minghella, The English Patient
Joel Coen, Fargo
Scott Hicks, Shine
Mike Leigh, Secrets & Lies

 

1997

DGA
James L. Brooks, As Good as It Gets
Steven Spielberg, Amistad

AMPAS
Peter Cattaneo, The Full Monty
Atom Egoyan, The Sweet Hereafter

DGA/AMPAS
James Cameron, Titanic
Curtis Hanson, L.A. Confidential
Gus Van Sant, Good Will Hunting

 

1998

DGA/AMPAS
Steven Spielberg, Saving Private Ryan
Roberto Benigni, Life Is Beautiful
John Madden, Shakespeare in Love
Terrence Malick, The Thin Red Line
Peter Weir, The Truman Show

 

1999

DGA
Frank Darabont, The Green Mile

AMPAS
Lasse Hallström, The Cider House Rules

DGA/AMPAS
Sam Mendes, American Beauty
Spike Jonze, Being John Malkovich
Michael Mann, The Insider
M. Night Shyamalan, The Sixth Sense

Nicole Kidman, Moulin Rouge, Baz Luhrmann
Nicole Kidman in Baz Luhrmann's DGA- (but not Oscar-) nominated Moulin Rouge!

2000

DGA
Cameron Crowe, Almost Famous

AMPAS
Stephen Daldry, Billy Elliot

DGA/AMPAS
Steven Soderbergh, Traffic
Ang Lee, Crouching Tiger Hidden Dragon
Ridley Scott, Gladiator
Steven Soderbergh, Erin Brockovich

 

2001

DGA
Baz Luhrmann, Moulin Rouge!
Christopher Nolan, Memento

AMPAS
Robert Altman, Gosford Park
David Lynch, Mulholland Dr.

DGA/AMPAS
Ron Howard, A Beautiful Mind
Peter Jackson, The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring
Ridley Scott, Black Hawk Down

 

2002

DGA
Peter Jackson, The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers

AMPAS
Pedro Almodóvar, Talk to Her

DGA/AMPAS
Roman Polanski, The Pianist
Stephen Daldry, The Hours
Rob Marshall, Chicago
Martin Scorsese, Gangs of New York

 

2003

DGA
Gary Ross, Seabiscuit

AMPAS
Fernando Meirelles, City of God

DGA/AMPAS
Peter Jackson, The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King
Sofia Coppola, Lost in Translation
Clint Eastwood, Mystic River
Peter Weir, Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World

 

2004

DGA
Marc Forster, Finding Neverland

AMPAS
Mike Leigh, Vera Drake

DGA/AMPAS
Clint Eastwood, Million Dollar Baby
Taylor Hackford, Ray
Alexander Payne, Sideways
Martin Scorsese, The Aviator

 

2005

DGA/AMPAS
Ang Lee, Brokeback Mountain
George Clooney, Good Night, and Good Luck.
Paul Haggis, Crash
Bennett Miller, Capote
Steven Spielberg, Munich

 

2006

DGA
Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris, Little Miss Sunshine
Bill Condon, Dreamgirls

AMPAS
Clint Eastwood, Letters from Iwo Jima
Paul Greengrass, United 93

DGA/AMPAS
Martin Scorsese, The Departed
Stephen Frears, The Queen
Alejandro González Iñárritu, Babel

 

2007

DGA
Sean Penn, Into the Wild

AMPAS
Jason Reitman, Juno

DGA/AMPAS
Joel and Ethan Coen, No Country for Old Men
Paul Thomas Anderson, There Will Be Blood
Tony Gilroy, Michael Clayton
Julian Schnabel, The Diving Bell and the Butterfly

 

2008

DGA
Christopher Nolan, The Dark Knight

AMPAS
Stephen Daldry, The Reader

DGA/AMPAS
Danny Boyle, Slumdog Millionaire
David Fincher, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button
Ron Howard, Frost/Nixon
Gus Van Sant, Milk

 

2009

DGA/AMPAS
Kathryn Bigelow, The Hurt Locker
James Cameron, Avatar
Lee Daniels, Precious
Jason Reitman, Up in the Air
Quentin Tarantino, Inglourious Basterds

 

2010

DGA
Christopher Nolan, Inception

AMPAS
Joel and Ethan Coen, True Grit

DGA/AMPAS
Tom Hooper, The King's Speech
Darren Aronofsky, Black Swan
David Fincher, The Social Network
David O. Russell, The Fighter

 

2011

DGA
David Fincher, The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo

AMPAS
Terrence Malick, The Tree of Life

DGA/AMPAS
Michel Hazanavicius, The Artist
Martin Scorsese, Hugo
Alexander Payne, The Descendants

Woody Allen, Midnight in Paris

 

2012

DGA
Ben Affleck, Argo
Kathryn Bigelow, Zero Dark Thirty
Tom Hooper, The King's Speech
Ang Lee, Life of Pi
Steven Spielberg, Lincoln

Source for the DGA nominations: IMDb.

Photo: The Reader (The Weinstein Co.)

If you liked the article DGA Awards vs. Best Director Oscar: Academy Less Populist & More Daring, please recommend it to your friends. See floating share buttons on the left.
Follow Alt Film Guide on Google+, Facebook, and Twitter.

Continue Reading: 'Transformers 3' & 'Harry Potter': Visual Effects Society Nominations

Previous Post: Woody Allen & Martin Scorsese: DGA Award Nominations

DGA Awards vs. Best Director Oscar: Academy Less Populist & More Daring © 2004–2016 Alt Film Guide and/or author(s).
Text NOT to be reproduced without prior written consent.

Leave a comment about 'DGA Awards vs. Best Director Oscar: Academy Less Populist & More Daring'

Important: It's perfectly fine to disagree with our own and/or other commenters' views and opinions, but thoughtfulness and at least a modicum of sanity are imperative.

In other words: Spammy, rude/abusive, bigoted, baseless (spreading misinformation), trollish/inflammatory, and/or just plain demented comments will be zapped and offenders may be banned.

Additionally, bear in mind that a) harassment will not be tolerated b) links found in comments will generally be deleted.

Most recent comments listed on top.

5 Comments to DGA Awards vs. Best Director Oscar: Academy Less Populist & More Daring

  1. altfilmguide

    @Rafe,

    Point well taken re: explanatory legends if/when this article is expanded.

    Having said that, the list is just that: a list, where you can see who was nominated for either the DGA Awards or the Best Director Oscar – or both.

    The “occasional blue highlight” means: live hyperlink.

  2. Rafe

    Try as I might, and I'm very bright, this very long list really made no sense without a legend to explain it. Just a bunch of director's names listed under either Academy Awards or Directors Guild, but without an explanatory legend. And what does the occasional blue highlight signifying? Finally, where's the connection to Streisand and Spielberg? Is there missing text?

  3. Geoff Talbot

    Elia Kazan has to be one of the great directors of all time. He really understood the science of acting unlike many of today's great directors who are effects heavy and story light.

  4. Vince

    Yes, I agree with Jonathan. Barbra has been overlooked and it is shameful. She truly is the talent of the century.

  5. Jonathan

    Barbra Streisand has been snubbed for Best Director not only for “The Prince Of Tides” (1991) but for “Yentl” (1983) as well… She always gets her “Best Picture” nominations… but who made the film? The director. Not alone of course, anyone who knows anything about Streisand is that she is detail obsessed!
    But time after time… she is overlooked by the Oscars for her directorial efforts.
    She deserved to have been the first woman to win best director.