HomeMovie Reviews21 Grams Movie: Engrossing Characters + Flawless Acting Quintet (Mostly) Redeem Overambitious Drama

21 Grams Movie: Engrossing Characters + Flawless Acting Quintet (Mostly) Redeem Overambitious Drama

21 Grams movie: Gripping characters and a quintet of first-rate performances mostly succeed in rescuing director Alejandro González Iñárritu and screenwriter Guillermo Arriaga’s self-important, cliché-prone, and unnecessarily labyrinthine 2003 drama. (Pictured: Sean Penn & Naomi Watts in 21 Grams.)
  • 21 Grams movie (2003) review: Sean Penn delivers what could well be the most nuanced performance of his career in director Alejandro González Iñárritu and screenwriter Guillermo Arriaga’s overreaching, unnecessarily intricate, and – gasp! – cliché-plagued psychological + metaphysical-ish drama.
  • Sean Penn’s fellow cast members Naomi Watts, Benicio Del Toro, Melissa Leo, and Charlotte Gainsbourg are also in top form.

21 Grams movie: 5 actors in top form help to clear up Alejandro González Iñárritu & Guillermo Arriaga’s time-space tangle

Shot in documentary style, director Alejandro González Iñárritu and screenwriter Guillermo Arriaga’s 21 Grams is a bleak, self-important, unnecessarily convoluted, but ultimately – and more than a bit surprisingly – poignant drama about a trio of intersecting lives and the immediacy of death.

As indicated in the film’s title – a reference to the alleged weight of a person’s soul[1] – death, in fact, permeates just about every scene in 21 Grams.

Math professor Paul (Sean Penn) is a dying man in urgent need of a heart transplant. Jack (Benicio Del Toro) is a born-again Christian ex-con who has run over a man and his two daughters as they were crossing a street. Cristina (Naomi Watts) is the woman whose family Jack has killed.

In order to tell the three disparate but intertwined stories, Alejandro González Iñárritu opted to use handheld cameras, loads of close-ups, and washed-out colors (top-quality work by cinematographer Rodrigo Prieto), while his Amores Perros collaborator Guillermo Arriaga built a meticulously fragmented narrative.

As a result, 21 Grams provides no sense of a time-space continuum. There’s no future and no past, no here and no there – just numerous “presents” and “everywheres” that appear to be dangling from a dimension free of time-space constraints.

One could argue that such fragmentation is a cinematic reflection of the characters’ equally fragmented selves. In the final analysis, however, Iñárritu and Arriaga’s approach is no more than a narrative gimmick – one that works both for and against their film.

Immersive experience

One positive result of the filmmakers’ choice – and of film editor Stephen Mirrione’s outstanding work – is that, from the get-go, 21 Grams immerses the viewer into its implacable flow.

Without buoys or lifeguards on duty, viewers must struggle to stay afloat while Iñárritu and Arriaga throw them myriad clues, including several deceptive ones, about the story’s final destination.

One important negative result, however, is that the very fragmentation that absorbs viewers’ intellect and arouses their curiosity may end up keeping them at an emotional distance from the film, for 21 Grams offers no crescendo leading to a dramatic climax.

In addition, the deceptive clues – e.g., the sequence in which we see Paul shoot Jack – are both unnecessary and irritating. These are cheap tricks whose unintended outcome is to make the filmmakers look like cheats.

Unconventional screenplay’s conventionalities

If that weren’t all, Arriaga’s screenplay – even if generally well-grounded – has other flaws as well. For instance, the script does fall prey to the Hollywood cliché that hero and heroine must – simply must – fall in love.

As the makers of a movie that relishes in being “unconventional,” director and screenwriter could have come up with some other type of bond. Perhaps a connection that arises out of the fact that the dying and the grieving share a heart?

Elsewhere in the story, there is some unexplained behavior, such as the insistence of Paul’s ex-wife (Charlotte Gainsbourg) on having his baby even though their relationship is anything but sturdy, and some dime-store philosophizing, as when Paul starts wondering about the meaning of life and death as his soul – all 21 grams of it – is about to leave his body.

“How much is gained [with death]?” Paul wonders.

Could it be a brand new life in the shape of a baby?

“How much is lost with mawkish movie clichés?” viewers should ask themselves.

21 Grams with Naomi Watts. Bypassed for her unbalanced Hollywood star wannabe in David Lynch’s Mulholland Dr., Watts received a Best Actress Oscar nod for her portrayal of a woman grieving the death of her husband and two children. The winner turned out to be Charlize Theron for Monster.

Superb acting all around

Those qualms notwithstanding, 21 Grams is a must-see motion picture. Just consider:

How much is gained when a film showcases superb acting all around?

Sean Penn gives what may well be the best performance of his career, far surpassing his Oscar-winning turn in Clint Eastwood’s Mystic River that same year.

Naomi Watts, mesmerizing in David Lynch’s Mulholland Dr., is excellent as a woman overflowing with hatred and bitterness.

Benicio Del Toro – in spite of his Best Supporting Actor Oscar nod, as much a lead as Penn and Watts – is perfection. Here’s a man who is all at once fearsome and fearful, strong and weak, nefarious and righteous.

In smaller roles, Melissa Leo, as Jack’s overly protective wife, and Charlotte Gainsbourg, as Paul’s obsessive ex, create two more flawless characterizations.

So, 21 Grams is an emotionally detached and gratuitously tortuous movie that offers more clichés than it should. It’s also mostly redeemed by sterling craftsmanship, engrossing characters, and a uniformly perfect cast.

21 Grams (2003)

Director: Alejandro González Iñárritu.

Screenplay: Guillermo Arriaga.

Cast: Sean Penn. Naomi Watts. Benicio Del Toro. Charlotte Gainsbourg. Melissa Leo. Danny Huston. Eddie Marsan. John Rubinstein. Denis O’Hare. Carly Nahon. Marc Musso. Teresa Delgado.

Cinematography: Rodrigo Prieto. Film Editing: Stephen Mirrione. Music: Gustavo Santaolalla. Production Design: Brigitte Broch. Producers: Alejandro González Iñárritu & Robert Salerno.


21 Grams Movie” notes

How much does the human soul weigh?

[1] The 21 grams figure came about via some dubious research Dr. Duncan MacDougall of Haverhill, Massachusetts, performed in the early 1900s.


Recommended articles

21 Grams Movie: Engrossing Characters + Flawless Acting Quintet (Mostly) Redeem Overambitious Drama,” check out:


21 Grams movie cast and crew information via the AFI Catalog website and other sources.

Naomi Watts and Sean Penn 21 Grams movie images: Focus Features.

21 Grams Movie: Engrossing Characters + Flawless Acting Quintet (Mostly) Redeem Overambitious Drama” last updated in January 2021.

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