Greta Garbo movies: Rare silent era star on TCM
Greta Garbo, a rarity among silent era movie stars, is Turner Classic Movies' “Summer Under the Stars” performer today, Aug. 26. Now, why would Garbo be considered a silent era rarity?
Well, certainly not because she easily made the transition to sound, remaining a major star for another decade. Think Norma Shearer, Joan Crawford, William Powell, Fay Wray, Marie Dressler, Wallace Beery, John Barrymore, Warner Baxter, Janet Gaynor, Constance Bennett, etc.
And so much for all the stories about actors with foreign accents being unable to maintain their Hollywood stardom following the advent of sound motion pictures.
A Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer star, Garbo was no major exception to the supposed rule. Mexican Ramon Novarro, another MGM star, also made an easy transition to sound, and so did fellow Mexicans Lupe Velez and Dolores del Rio, in addition to the very British Ronald Colman and Garbo's fellow Swede Warner Oland.
Sound films also made Hollywood stars out of Frenchmen Maurice Chevalier and Charles Boyer, Germans Marlene Dietrich and Luise Rainer, and a whole array of British performers ranging from Charles Laughton and Leslie Howard to Cary Grant and Madeleine Carroll.
Greta Garbo is a silent film rarity because she is one of a handful of stars from the pre-sound era – along with Rudolph Valentino, Charles Chaplin, Lon Chaney, Rin Tin Tin, and a couple of others – who remain well known today.
True, most of the crowd who paid to see Jurassic World, Straight Outta Compton, Avengers: Age of Ultron, and Pitch Perfect 2 have never heard of her. But then again, there's a good chance many (most?) of them have never heard of Elizabeth Taylor, Jane Fonda, Robert Redford, or Paul Newman either.
Also, unlike the overwhelming majority of silent performers, Greta Garbo can be frequently seen – even without being heard – on TCM, which is owned by Time Warner, which also owns most of the pre-1986 MGM film library. Garbo never made a Hollywood movie outside of her home studio, and since all her American silents either have acquired or were originally released with a soundtrack, there's only one “rare” U.S.-made Greta Garbo silent film (hopefully still) out there: Victor Sjöström's The Divine Woman (1928), of which only nine minutes are known to survive.
This evening, TCM is showing five Greta Garbo star vehicles, in addition to Susan F. Walker's 1990 documentary The Divine Greta Garbo, narrated by Fatal Attraction and Dangerous Liaisons star Glenn Close. The Garbo movies are Wild Orchids, A Woman of Affairs, Grand Hotel, Camille, and The Kiss.
'Wild Orchids' and 'A Woman of Affairs'
Wild Orchids and A Woman of Affairs are unabashed silent melodramas. Directed by Sidney Franklin – best remembered for The Good Earth (1937) – the box office hit Wild Orchids (1929) stars Garbo as a young woman whose older husband (Lewis Stone, in another stolid role) introduces her to a short-tempered Javanese prince (the Swede Nils Asther, who three years later would play Chinese in The Bitter Tea of General Yen). Inevitably, adultery, jealousy, and attempted murder ensue.
Based on Michael Arlen's scandalous novel and play The Green Hat, A Woman of Affairs (1929) is surprisingly enjoyable, featuring what may well be Garbo's best silent-era performance as a woman who knows what she wants, how to get it, and how to drive everyone around her totally nuts.
The film is also notable as her last silent pairing with MGM superstar John Gilbert (following Flesh and the Devil and Love), whose role is actually subordinate to hers. They would be reunited in Queen Christina (1933), but by then Gilbert, no longer an MGM contract player, was billed below the title.
'The Kiss': Ageless seductress
But perhaps what's most remarkable about both Wild Orchids and A Woman of Affairs is that Greta Garbo was about 23/24 years old at the time. Believe it or not, that worldly, timelessly mature, jaded-looking woman on screen was actually younger than the likes of Kristen Stewart, Emma Watson, Jennifer Lawrence, Dakota Johnson, Elizabeth Olsen, Margot Robbie, and Mia Wasikowska today.
That's why that same year – in her very last silent film – Garbo was able to play an “older woman” opposite Hollywood newcomer Lew Ayres (All Quiet on the Western Front) in Jacques Feyder's The Kiss. In real life, the boyish Ayres was only three years younger than the film's star.
'Grand Hotel': Badly dated prestige melodrama
Grand Hotel (1932) has a special place in Academy Award and in film history. To this day, this Paul Bern-produced (for MGM second-in-command Irving G. Thalberg), Edmund Goulding-directed drama remains the only film to have won the Best Picture Academy Award without any other nominations. Besides, Grand Hotel is officially considered the very first all-star Hollywood production. In addition to Greta Garbo, the cast includes John Barrymore, Joan Crawford, Wallace Beery, and Lionel Barrymore – plus Lewis Stone and Jean Hersholt.
Based on Vicki Baum's novel Menschen im Hotel (“People in Hotel”), Grand Hotel has dated badly. Despite the generally capable actors' director Edmund Goulding, the stellar cast is a key part of the problem: Garbo, as a temperamental Russian ballerina in love with hotel thief John Barrymore, is a case in point. It's in Grand Hotel that she despondently mutters her trademark phrase, “I vant to be alone,” but it's hard not to laugh out loud or cringe silently when she exults (to the telephone), “Rrrring! Rrrrring! Rrrrring!”
John Barrymore's lover is as superficial as Garbo's ballerina is artificial, while Wallace Beery's role – he actually attempts a German accent by way of Missouri – should have been played by Emil Jannings or perhaps Hans Albers. Lionel Barrymore, ever eager to chew on large chunks of scenery, spends all his scenes getting drunk and whining about the vicissitudes of life. (His working-class accountant is dying; unfortunately, not fast enough.) So it's up to stenographer Joan Crawford to come up with Grand Hotel's only naturalistic, down-to-earth characterization.
A major box office hit at the time of its release – the film was one of Garbo's biggest early '30s hits, alongside Mata Hari and Queen Christina – Grand Hotel would be remade (with alterations) as Week-End at the Waldorf. Directed by Robert Z. Leonard, this 1945 MGM blockbuster starred Ginger Rogers in the old Garbo role, plus Walter Pidgeon, Lana Turner, Van Johnson, and Edward Arnold.
Also worth noting, 1930s supporting player and minor leading lady Mary Carlisle is supposed to have a small role in Grand Hotel, as the young honeymooner Mrs. Hoffman. Still (to the best of my knowledge) alive at age 101, Carlisle is one of the rare surviving “name” performers of that decade.
Many consider Camille (1937) to be Greta Garbo's greatest film and to feature her greatest performance. My personal favorite is Rouben Mamoulian's Queen Christina (1933), but this George Cukor-directed romantic melodrama is an exemplar of studio filmmaking at its acme.
Most of what Hollywood churned out during the so-called “Golden Age” was sheer mediocrity – in other words, the themes and approaches may have been different, but in terms of quality, things were no different than what gets churned out today. When people lament, “They don't make 'em like they used to,” they're (hopefully) thinking of something like Camille – a true rarity during the studio era; a film clearly aimed at a mature, sophisticated audience.
For her efforts as the seemingly ageless – but all too mortal – French courtesan Marguerite Gautier, Garbo was shortlisted for the 1937 Academy Awards. She lost to fellow MGM star Luise Rainer in The Good Earth.
Garbo in 'Garbo Talks'?
In that film, Garbo is actually played by writer/songwriter Betty Comden, whose screenwriting credits include On the Town, Singin' in the Rain, and Auntie Mame.
Curiously, the IMDb's Garbo Talks page features the correct information.
See also: “Greta Garbo on DVD: Actress' “Signature Collection” from Anna Christie to Anna Karenina.”
'Riptide,' 'The Painted Veil'
 In 1934, Norma Shearer starred opposite Herbert Marshall and Robert Montgomery in Edmund Goulding's (quite weak) Riptide, which was to have been a remake of A Woman of Affairs. Instead, the story was fully revamped, while another 1934 release, Robert Z. Leonard's box office bomb Outcast Lady, turned out to be the “official” remake. Constance Bennett and Herbert Marshall starred.
That same year, Greta Garbo was seen opposite Herbert Marshall – who seemed to be everywhere in 1934 – and George Brent in Richard Boleslawski's The Painted Veil, which has several plot elements in common with Wild Orchids.
Greta Garbo movies: TCM schedule (PT)
3:00 AM THE TEMPTRESS (1926). Dir.: Fred Niblo. Cast: Greta Garbo. Antonio Moreno. Roy D'Arcy. B&W. 106 mins.
7:00 AM ROMANCE (1930). Dir.: Clarence Brown. Cast: Greta Garbo. Lewis Stone. Gavin Gordon. B&W. 76 mins.
8:30 AM SUSAN LENOX: HER FALL AND RISE (1931). Dir.: Robert Z. Leonard. Cast: Greta Garbo. Clark Gable. Jean Hersholt. B&W. 77 mins.
10:00 AM MATA HARI (1931). Dir.: George Fitzmaurice. Cast: Greta Garbo. Ramon Novarro. Lionel Barrymore. C. Henry Gordon. Alec B. Francis. Karen Morley. Blanche Friderici. Edmund Breese. Helen Jerome Eddy. Frank Reicher. Uncredited: Mischa Auer. Cecil Cunningham. Maude Turner Gordon. Frederick Burton. Sarah Padden. Lennox Pawle. B&W. 89 mins.
11:30 AM THE PAINTED VEIL (1934). Dir.: Richard Boleslawski. Cast: Greta Garbo. Herbert Marshall. George Brent. B&W. 85 mins.
1:00 PM CONQUEST (1937). Dir.: Clarence Brown. Cast: Greta Garbo. Charles Boyer. Reginald Owen. B&W. 112 mins.
5:00 PM A WOMAN OF AFFAIRS (1928). Dir.: Clarence Brown. Cast: Greta Garbo. John Gilbert. Lewis Stone. Douglas Fairbanks Jr. B&W. 91 mins.
6:45 PM WILD ORCHIDS (1929). Dir.: Sidney Franklin. Cast: Greta Garbo. Lewis Stone. Nils Asther. B&W. 100 mins.
8:45 PM GRAND HOTEL (1932). Dir.: Edmund Goulding. Cast: Greta Garbo. John Barrymore. Joan Crawford. Wallace Beery. Lionel Barrymore. Jean Hersholt. Lewis Stone. Tully Marshall. Robert McWade. Purnell Pratt. Ferdinand Gottschalk. Rafaela Ottiano. Morgan Wallace. Frank Conroy. Murray Kinnell. Edwin Maxwell. Uncredited: Mary Carlisle. Joan Barclay. Allen Jenkins. Bert Moorhouse. Sarah Padden. Lee Phelps. Philo McCullough. Bodil Rosing. Rolfe Sedan. Leo White. B&W. 113 mins.
10:45 PM CAMILLE (1937). Dir.: George Cukor. Cast: Greta Garbo. Robert Taylor. Lionel Barrymore. Lenore Ulric. Jessie Ralph. B&W. 109 mins.
12:45 AM THE DIVINE GRETA GARBO (1990). Dir.: Susan F. Walker. Cast: Glenn Close. Color. 46 mins.
1:45 AM THE KISS (1929). Dir.: Jacques Feyder. Cast: Greta Garbo. Conrad Nagel. Lew Ayres. Anders Randolf. Holmes Herbert. George Davis. Uncredited: Lee Phelps. Symona Boniface. André Cheron. Philip Sleeman. B&W. 62 mins.
Greta Garbo movie schedule via the TCM website.
Greta Garbo movie The Kiss and older Garbo images: Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, via Doctor Macro.
Greta Garbo Grand Hotel and Camille images: MGM.