Howard Hughes movies
Turner Classic Movies will be showing the Howard Hughes-produced, John Farrow-directed, Baja California-set gangster drama His Kind of Woman, starring Robert Mitchum, Hughes discovery Jane Russell, and Vincent Price, at 3 a.m. PT / 6 a.m. ET on Saturday, Nov. 8.
Howard Hughes produced a couple of dozen movies. (More on that below.) But what about “Howard Hughes movies”? Or rather, movies – whether big-screen or made-for-television efforts – featuring the visionary, “eccentric” (i.e., mentally unbalanced and filthy rich), hypochondriacal, compulsive-obsessive, all-American billionaire as a character?
From Leonardo DiCaprio to Jason Robards
Besides Leonardo DiCaprio, who plays a dashing if somewhat off-kilter Hughes in Martin Scorsese’s 2004 Best Picture Academy Award-nominated The Aviator, other actors who have played Howard Hughes on film include the following:
- Tommy Lee Jones in William A. Graham’s television movie The Amazing Howard Hughes (1977), with Lee Purcell as silent film star Billie Dove, Tovah Feldshuh as Katharine Hepburn, and Marla Carlis as The Outlaw‘s breast-popping Jane Russell.
- Best Supporting Actor Oscar nominee Jason Robards – as the old and haggard Howard Hughes – in Jonathan Demme’s remarkable comedy-drama Melvin and Howard (1980), based on the story of Nevada gas station owner Melvin Dummar, who claimed to have met Hughes in the nearby desert and that the billionaire had left him more than $150 million. (The will was eventually declared a forgery.) Paul Le Mat played a sympathetic Dummar in Melvin and Howard, which also features Best Supporting Actress Oscar winner Mary Steenburgen and, in a minor role, veteran Gloria Grahame (Best Supporting Actress Oscar winner for The Bad and the Beautiful, 1952).
- Former child actor Dean Stockwell (Anchors Aweigh, The Boy with Green Hair) in Francis Ford Coppola’s Tucker: The Man and His Dream (1988), starring Jeff Bridges in the title role, plus Joan Allen, Martin Landau, Frederic Forrest, and Mako.
- Terry O’Quinn in Disney’s Joe Johnston-directed The Rocketeer (1991), featuring Billy Campbell in the title role, in addition to Jennifer Connelly, Alan Arkin, Timothy Dalton, and Paul Sorvino.
- Besides Leonardo DiCaprio as Howard Hughes, The Aviator features Cate Blanchett as Katharine Hepburn, Kate Beckinsale as Ava Gardner, Gwen Stefani as Jean Harlow, Kelli Garner as Faith Domergue, Jude Law as Errol Flynn, Alec Baldwin as Juan Trippe, Kevin O’Rourke as Spencer Tracy, Stanley DeSantis as Louis B. Mayer, and Alan Alda as U.S. senator Owen Brewster.
Additionally, George Peppard played a fictionalized Howard Hughes in Edward Dmytryk’s 1964 melodrama The Carpetbaggers, based on Harold Robbins’ bestseller, and featuring Carroll Baker as the Jean Harlow-ish sex/romantic interest and veteran Alan Ladd in his last film role.
And finally, Robert Ryan played another character inspired by Hughes in Max Ophüls’ Caught (1949), also starring James Mason and Barbara Bel Geddes.
Howard Hughes movies that weren’t
Other Howard Hughes biopics that never came to fruition include:
- A pre-Batman Trilogy Christopher Nolan directing Jim Carrey, of all people, as Howard Hughes. Much like Warren Beatty’s film project, the Jim Carrey movie would have covered Hughes’ later years.
- Two-time Best Director Academy Award winner Milos Forman (One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest, 1975; Amadeus, 1984) directing two-time Oscar nominee Edward Norton (Primal Fear, 1996; American History X, 1998).
- Menace II Society and From Hell filmmakers Albert Hughes and Allen Hughes (a.k.a. The Hughes Brothers) – no relation to the billionaire – directing From Hell actor Johnny Depp.
- Veteran Brian De Palma directing Best Actor Oscar winner Nicolas Cage (Leaving Las Vegas, 1995) as Hughes.
‘Hell’s Angels’ budget
Howard Hughes claimed that his troubled 1930 World War I aviation epic Hell’s Angels, featuring Ben Lyon, James Hall, and newcomer Jean Harlow (replacing Norwegian-born Greta Nissen)* was, at a cost of nearly $4 million, the most expensive motion picture ever made. Hughes and/or his p.r. people went as far as having the production expenses listed on the film’s souvenir program on opening night.
However, according to figures found in United Artists’ production ledgers, Hell’s Angels’ actual price tag was a much more modest – though still hefty – $1.3 million. I should add that its reported $8 million gross, which is found in various online sources, also seems highly debatable.
At a cost of $3.96 million, Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer’s problem-plagued 1925 version of Ben-Hur, (mostly) directed by Fred Niblo and starring Ramon Novarro in the title role, remained the most expensive motion picture until the Selznick/MGM co-production of the (mostly) Victor Fleming-directed Gone with the Wind in 1939. Vivien Leigh, Clark Gable, Leslie Howard, and Olivia de Havilland starred in the multiple Oscar winner.
* Greta Nissen, who – supposedly – had a heavy Norwegian accent, had been cast in the silent version of Hell’s Angels. It should be noted that voice-dubbing was already an option back in those days – e.g., Louise Brooks was dubbed by Margaret Livingston in the 1929 thriller The Canary Murder Case.
Howard Hughes and Katharine Hepburn
Unlike what is found in The Aviator, RKO contract player Katharine Hepburn was not yet considered box office poison when she met Howard Hughes in the mid-’30s. Among Hepburn’s hits were Lowell Sherman’s Morning Glory (1933), which earned her a Best Actress Academy Award; George Cukor’s Little Women (1933); and George Stevens’ Alice Adams (1935), which earned her a Best Actress Academy Award nod. (She lost to Bette Davis in the Warner Bros. release Dangerous.)
Katharine Hepburn was, however, included in an infamous – and really, for the most part so absurd as to be suspicious – box office poison list released in May 1938. Harry Brandt, president of the Independent Theater Owners of America, published an article in the Independent Film Journal complaining of the “nil” box office appeal of the following performers: Hepburn, Norma Shearer, Kay Francis, Mae West, Marlene Dietrich, Fred Astaire, Edward Arnold, Joan Crawford, Greta Garbo, Dolores del Rio, John Barrymore, and James Cagney (whose 1938 star vehicle Angels with Dirty Faces turned out to be one of his biggest hits).
Also worth noting, not mentioned in The Aviator is the fact that Howard Hughes loaned money to Katharine Hepburn so she could buy the film rights to her 1939 Broadway production of Philip Barry’s The Philadelphia Story. The play’s phenomenal success led to Hepburn’s triumphant return to films the following year. Released by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, the movie version was directed by George Cukor, adapted by Donald Ogden Stewart, and featured Cary Grant and James Stewart as her leading men.
Katharine Hepburn would be eventually nominated for the year’s Best Actress Oscar, but somewhat ironically lost to another Howard Hughes girlfriend, Ginger Rogers, in the RKO release Kitty Foyle. Hepburn, however, was chosen as the New York Film Critics Circle’s Best Actress of the year.
And finally, once again unlike what’s found in The Aviator, by the time Katharine Hepburn met her Woman of the Year co-star Spencer Tracy in the early ’40s, her affair with Howard Hughes had already come to an end.
Howard Hughes: Wrecking RKO
Howard Hughes began producing movies, oftentimes without any screen credit, in the late 1920s. Besides Hell’s Angels, his film productions, chiefly distributed by United Artists and later on by RKO, include:
- Lewis Milestone’s Two Arabian Knights (1927), with William Boyd, Louis Wolheim, and Mary Astor, and the winner of the Best Comedy Director Academy Award of 1927-28.
- James Cruze’s Ku Klux Klan drama The Mating Call (1928), with Thomas Meighan, Leatrice Joy, and Renée Adorée.
- The somewhat disguised Al Capone biopic Scarface (1932), with Paul Muni, George Raft, and Ann Dvorak.
- The scandalous (and highly successful) The Outlaw (1943), with Jack Buetel as Billy the Kid and Jane Russell as a well-endowed character named Rio McDonald.
In 1948, Hughes bought control of RKO – Katharine Hepburn’s employer in the ’30s – and proceeded to wreck the already fragile studio. Yet RKO continued to release several prestigious movies for a few more years, although these were mostly independently made Samuel Goldwyn and Walt Disney productions such as Hans Christian Andersen and Peter Pan.
During Hughes’ tenure, RKO’s niche consisted of low- or moderately budgeted film noirs and crime dramas, such as the aforementioned His Kind of Woman, in addition to the following highlights:
- Robert Wise’s The Set-Up (1949), with Robert Ryan as a doomed boxer and Audrey Totter as his concerned wife. (In all fairness, former RKO head Dore Schary was responsible for getting this project off the ground.)
- Richard Fleischer’s taut B thriller The Narrow Margin (1951), with Charles McGraw and Marie Windsor.
- Otto Preminger’s Angel Face (1952), with Jean Simmons as a beautiful psycho.
In the mid-’50s, Hughes sold RKO, by then on its death throes, to General Teleradio, a subsidiary of General Tire and Rubber, which owned several television stations in the United States. One of RKO’s last feature film productions was Sidney Lumet’s Stage Struck (1958), an unsuccessful remake of Katharine Hepburn’s Morning Glory; Susan Strasberg, Henry Fonda, Joan Greenwood, and Christopher Plummer starred. (Disney’s distribution arm Buena Vista released it in the U.S.)
Late the previous year, Desilu, owned by Lucille Ball and Desi Arnaz, bought the studio lot for a reported $6 million. Ironically, Ball had been an RKO contract player from 1935-1942, starting out as an extra and in bit parts (Top Hat, Follow the Fleet), eventually reaching leading-lady status in A productions by the early ’40s (Too Many Girls, The Big Street).
By then a recluse, Howard Hughes died at age 69 in Houston in 1976.
Image of Leonardo DiCaprio as Howard Hughes in The Aviator: Miramax Films.