Jean Gabin was France’s answer to Humphrey Bogart, many (English-language) historians have claimed. Either that, or Gabin was France’s answer to Spencer Tracy. Never mind the fact that Gabin was a major international star before either Bogart or Tracy achieved Hollywood stardom. In other words, if there was someone emulating someone else, it was Bogart and Tracy who followed the Frenchman’s lead so as to become the American Jean Gabins. (See Jean Gabin movie schedule further below.)
Turner Classic Movies is devoting a whole day to Jean Gabin’s movies today, August 18, as part of its “Summer Under the Stars” series. Right now, TCM is showing Julien Duvivier’s Pépé le Moko (1937), the tale of a Parisian gangster (Gabin) hiding in Algiers’ Casbah neighborhood, but who becomes careless after he falls for a beautiful woman (Mireille Balin, Gabin’s co-star that same year in Jean Grémillon’s Gueule d’amour / Lady Killer).
Those whose idea of cinema begins and ends in Hollywood will probably recognize that tale from a John Cromwell-directed 1938 Charles Boyer vehicle titled Algiers (1938), which also featured Hedy Lamarr in her first English-speaking role. Pépé le Moko isn’t the greatest movie ever made, but it would be an appropriate introduction to the Jean Gabin of the 1930s, as Gabin’s movie characters met tragic endings with pathological frequency.
Next in line is Jean Renoir’s Grand Illusion (1937), notable as one of the most widely revered cinematic works of the last 100 years, as one of the first films to make use of deep focus (making scenes look more “realistic”), and as the very first non-English-language film to be nominated for a Best Picture Oscar. Is it that good? Well, its anti-war intentions certainly are; personally, I find it a little too slow-moving. In fact, deep focus or no, I much prefer Renoir’s The Rules of the Game (1939) and The River (1951).
Much like Bogart and Tracy, who usually played Bogart and Tracy, Gabin plays Gabin in Grand Illusion, as one of several French POWs who attempt to escape from a German prisoner-of-war camp during World War I. The film’s acting honors go to Pierre Fresnay as an aristocratic French POW and to Erich von Stroheim as an aristocratic German prison camp commander.
Renoir’s La Bête Humaine (1938) stars Gabin as another doomed male. Those who believe that film noir, with its play of light and shadows, began with John Huston’s The Maltese Falcon might want to check this one out. Married to an older, unattractive man (Fernand Ledoux), Simone Simon is the woman who destroys our antihero. Sounds familiar? Before you say that Renoir and fellow dialogue writer Denise Leblond stole the idea from some James M. Cain novel, bear in mind that the author of the novel on which La Bête Humaine was based was called Emile Zola (1840–1902).
Touchez Pas au Grisbi (1954) is a gangster thriller that should not get mixed up with Jules Dassin’s heist thriller Rififi (1955). Jacques Becker directed the generally well-regarded Grisbi, which also features Lino Ventura and a very young Jeanne Moreau. I haven’t watched Henri Verneuil’s Des gens sans importance / People of No Importance (1955), about an illicit love affair. Françoise Arnoul co-stars.
Jean Gabin movies on TCM
Schedule (ET) and synopses from the TCM website:
6:00 AM GUEULE D’AMOUR (1937) A retired cavalry officer discovers the woman who won his heart was in love with the uniform. Director: Jean Grémillon. Cast: Jean Gabin, Mireille Balin. Black and white. 88 min.
8:00 AM REMORQUES (1941) A married tugboat captain falls for a woman he rescues from a sinking ship. Director: Jean Grémillon. Cast: Jean Gabin, Alain Cuny, BW-83 min.
9:30 AM LE JOUR SE LEVE (1939) A young factory worker loses the woman he loves to a vicious schemer. Director: Marcel Carne. Cast: Jean Gabin, Jacqueline Laurent, Arletty. Black and white. 90 min.
11:00 AM L’AIR DE PARIS (1954) An over-the-hill boxer stakes his fortune on training a young railroad-worker. Director: Marcel Carne. Cast: Arletty, Jean Gabin, Roland Lesaffre. Black and white. 100 min.
1:00 PM LEUR DERNIERE NUIT (1953) A schoolteacher falls for a librarian who’s secretly the head of a criminal ring. Director: Georges Lacombe. Cast: Jean Gabin, Madeleine Robinson. Black and white. 91 min.
2:45 PM LE DESORDRE ET LA NUIT (1958) A homicide detective tries to protect a pretty drug addict implicated in a murder. Director: Gilles Grangier. Cast: Jean Gabin, Danielle Darrieux, Nadja Tiller. Black and white. 91 min.
4:30 PM MARIA CHAPDELAINE (1934) A Canadian frontierswoman must choose from among three suitors. Director: Julien Duvivier. Cast: Jean Gabin, Madeleine Renaud, Jean-Pierre Aumont. Black and white. 72 min.
6:00 PM LA BANDERA (1934) A murderer escapes France to join the Spanish Foreign Legion, where he finds love while pursued by the law. Director: Julien Duvivier. Cast: Jean Gabin, Annabella. Black and white. 97 min.
8:00 PM PEPE LE MOKO (1941) Love for a beautiful woman draws a gangster out of hiding. Director: Julien Duvivier. Cast: Jean Gabin, Mireille Balin, Gabriel Gabrio. Black and white. 94 min.
10:00 PM GRAND ILLUSION (1937) French POWs fight to escape their German captors during World War I. Director: Jean Renoir. Cast: Jean Gabin, Pierre Fresnay, Marcel Dalio, Erich von Stroheim. Black and white. 113 min.
12:00 AM LA BETE HUMAINE (1938) A railroad engineer enters an affair with his friend’s amoral wife. Jean Gabin, Simone Simon. Black and white. 97 min.
2:00 AM TOUCHEZ PAS AU GRISBI (1954) An aging gangster comes out of retirement when his best friend is kidnapped. Jean Gabin, Lino Ventura, Jeanne Moreau. Black and white. 96 min.
4:00 AM DES GENS SANS IMPORTANCE (1955) An unhappy waitress starts an affair with a married truck driver. Director: Henri Verneuil. Cast: Jean Gabin, Françoise Arnoul. Black and white. 99 min.
Turner Classic Movies website.
Hey, Andre —
I like your article about Jean Gabin — it’s great. I have never thought about that before, but you’re right — Bogart and Tracy were emulating Gabin, and not the other way around! (PS, We’re on the same page when it comes to “Grand Illusion.” Important and good and beautifully-made, yes. Gabin’s most fast-paced film — nope!)
World’s Coolest Movie Star: The Complete 95 Films (and Legend) of Jean Gabin, Volumes one and Two (www.jeangabinbook.com)
I’ll make sure to check out your Jean Gabin book.