Note from the editor: “Marsha Hunt: On Making Lemonade When Life Handed Her Lemons” was originally published on Dec. 7, ’07. The five-part Marsha Hunt article is being reposted in honor of Marsha Hunt’s 95th birthday yesterday, Oct. 17.
Producer Roger C. Memos is currently raising funds for the documentary Marsha Hunt: Sweet Adversity, about the former MGM actress’ life, film career, and humanistic social and political activism. You can contribute to Sweet Adversity at indiegogo.com.
Marsha Hunt: On Making Lemonade When Life Handed Her Lemons
This past October 17, my dear friend, actress and social activist Marsha Hunt turned 90 years old. Her past few months have been a constant state of activity as the tributes to her seemed never-ending.
Turner Classic Movies honored Marsha Hunt with a tribute, showing eight of her films on her birthday. In Beverly Hills, the preservation group Hollywood Heritage held a screening of one of her favorite starring films, the 1946 MGM romantic comedy A Letter for Evie, ending with a party.
The following day she received the “Ambassador of Peace” award from the Women’s Federation for World Peace, USA in recognition of her groundbreaking work with the United Nations. And she has just returned from a doll convention in Pittsburgh where a collector’s edition doll created in her image and wearing copies of Marsha’s film costumes was introduced – and where more birthday greetings were lovingly delivered.
Then there are the book signings. She put together a one-of-a-kind coffee-table book called The Way We Wore: Styles of the 1930s and ’40s and Our World Since Then, a collection of movie and modeling stills from her career accompanied by stories of her life and films.
Also, Marsha has added the title “record producer” to her list of credits by producing her first CD. Called “Songs from the Heart” and featuring Tony London with the Page Cavanaugh Trio, it features songs from the American Songbook. A songwriter herself, Marsha wrote two songs that are featured on the CD. (Her good friends, legendary songwriters Ray Evans and Hugh Martin picked songs of theirs for Tony to perform on the CD.)
Marsha Hunt: New movie
But the biggest news of all is that Marsha has a film coming out in January, in which she plays a very dark film noir character.
The Grand Inquisitor is a film noir short set to premiere at the sixth annual Noir City Film Noir Festival in January in San Francisco. Marsha Hunt, the actress, will be gloriously rediscovered when The Grand Inquisitor is shown at film festivals around the world in 2008.
I am currently directing and co-producing, with Richard Adkins, a feature documentary on this ordinary woman who achieved the extraordinary in her life. Of all the projects I’ve worked on in this business, none has meant more to me than this one. Her story must be told. If I may, I’d like to give you the CliffsNotes version of her brilliant career and life achievements.
Marsha Hunt: Life and career
In May 1935, 17-year-old Marsha Hunt was on top of the world. As a John Robert Powers model in New York, she had a dream of becoming an actress that was about to come true. She came to the West Coast and discovered four studios clamoring to sign her to a contract. She decided on Paramount Pictures. (Image: Marsha Hunt in Anthony Mann’s Raw Deal, with John Ireland.)
Dubbed the “youngest character actress in America,” Marsha began her career as a leading lady with a salary of $250 a week, more money than other Paramount hopefuls of the time. In 1939, she switched to MGM, Hollywood’s most successful studio, where she continued to flourish, making 24 pictures on the Culver City lot over a seven-year period.
With her soldier husband overseas, Marsha became more involved in the war effort. In addition to making eight war-related films, she worked every Saturday night at the Hollywood Canteen, dancing and signing autographs for some five thousand soldiers. She raised money on war bond tours, visited and performed for the wounded at military camps and hospitals, and trained as a volunteer ambulance driver. She is most proud of the fact that she sang and danced for soldiers during a six-week USO tour of the Arctic.
Marsha Hunt: The post-war, post-MGM years
Following the end of both the war and her MGM contract, Marsha continued collecting film credits, working in films for United Artists, Universal, Warner Bros., 20th Century Fox, and Columbia. She also added live theater to her repertoire, making her stage debut on Broadway in 1948, playing opposite Alfred Drake in Joy to the World.
She would find success in five more Broadway shows through the years. Life magazine featured her on the cover of its March 6, 1950, issue, doing a “day in the life” story about the young actress’ experience in her second Broadway show, The Devil’s Disciple.
Having done radio since the ’30s, Marsha was in demand for radio plays in both New York and Hollywood. She is best known for performing on Edgar Bergen’s The Charlie McCarthy Show. Guest spots on that new medium – television – followed. In 1949, a dramatic Marsha Hunt received a rave review from the New York Times for her portrayal of Viola in the first live, coast-to-coast production of Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night, while a comic Marsha Hunt was the featured guest on Sid Caesar’s Your Show of Shows not once but twice, in 1950 and 1951.
Marsha Hunt: Red Scare and the Hollywood Blacklist
Sixty years ago, on Nov. 25, 1947, the heads of the major studios and several independent producer organizations met at the Waldorf Astoria to address the issue of communist infiltration in motion pictures. In a historic proclamation known as the Waldorf Statement, the studio heads and producers voted unanimously to refuse employment to the Hollywood Ten as well as to any Communist working in the motion picture industry. What was known in Hollywood unofficially became official: the Hollywood Blacklist was now a reality. (Image: Louis Jourdan, Marsha Hunt, Bobby Driscoll, Charles Boyer, Kurt Kasznar in Richard Fleischer’s The Happy Time.)
In his statement to the press, Eric Johnston, president of the Motion Picture Association of America stated that this new policy was not going to be characterized by hysteria or intimidation. He also promised that an atmosphere of fear in Hollywood would not be created and innocent persons would be protected. Johnston, however, did not keep his promise. There is at least one person I know who was innocent and was definitely not protected – Marsha Hunt.
Marsha was among twenty-six members of the entertainment industry who had gone to Washington to support nineteen Hollywood personalities called to testify at the U.S. capital in 1947. She did so because she believed what was happening in Washington was an unfair witch hunt that had to be stopped. But she also went for a more personal reason.
Producer Adrian Scott, one of the Hollywood Ten, was married to Marsha’s best girlfriend, actress Anne Shirley, and was a dear friend of her husband, writer Robert Presnell Jr. Marsha knew Adrian to be a man of honor and a gifted producer. She felt a special sense of outrage at the treatment he was being accorded by the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC).
Acting on their conscience, none of those who flew to Washington believed there would be dire consequences for their actions. Instead, they believed that standing up for their fellow artists would hasten the end of the hearings and prevent the possibility of further action to limit free speech in the entertainment industry.
On June 22, 1950, Marsha was one of 151 performers listed in Red Channels, a booklet published by the right-wing journal Counterattack. Marsha was wrongly accused of being a Communist sympathizer for her support of and participation in projects involving persons who were among those called before HUAC. With this publication, her career came to a quiet halt. There were no subpoenas, but after 54 films in 17 years, the job offers stopped coming in.
Anti-Marsha Hunt threats of boycott: The Happy Time
In 1952, while Marsha was filming The Happy Time for Stanley Kramer Productions, publicist George Glass repeatedly sent for her, citing threats from so-called (and nameless) patriot groups threatening to boycott and picket the film because of her. Glass insisted that she place full-page ads in Variety and The Hollywood Reporter renouncing her liberal positions, denying any Communist Party membership, and swearing undying hatred for Communism. Marsha refused.
As she recalled in Tender Comrades, Patrick McGilligan and Paul Buhle’s book on the blacklist, “I said to Mr. Glass, ‘I tell you what: If any of these shadowy groups wants to step forward and accuse me of some wrong, I will answer an accusation. Let somebody call me a Communist or charge me with subversive activities. Then I can answer. But I’m not gonna fight shadows.’” She held out. And there was no picketing or boycott of The Happy Time. Even so, she remained blacklisted as if she were a Communist.
Marsha Hunt activist and ‘planet patriot’
The focus of Marsha Hunt’s life changed after she and husband Robert Presnell Jr went on a trip around the world in 1955. For the first time in her life, she witnessed abject poverty in countries like India and Pakistan. Spending most of her adult life on a sound stage, she had no idea that this kind of poverty and despair was going on in the world. She came back to the States, vowing to learn all she could about how she could help to alleviate the pain and suffering she witnessed. Thus began the education of Marsha Hunt, “planet patriot” and citizen of the world.
Marsha spent 25 years as a board member of the United Nations Association, dealing with their specialized agencies. She was president of Southern California’s Valley UNA chapter for several years before she co-founded the Pacific UNA chapter on the Los Angeles Westside. Her idea for “Global Gifts,” a gift shop which she opened at the Encino UNA office, served as a successful business model for all UNA offices across the country.
Marsha Hunt: Fight for the world’s refugees, fight against hunger
In 1960, 15 years after the end of World War II, 25 million uprooted people remained stateless, jobless, and homeless. The United Nations declared 1960 “World Refugee Year.” To bring attention to the plight of those suffering, Marsha and husband Robert researched, wrote, and produced an hour-long documentary named A Call from the Stars. Marsha enlisted 14 of her prominent celebrity friends to appear in the nationally televised special. The special raised awareness and donations for the U.S. Committee for Refugees, on whose board she then served for over 20 years.
In the late ’60s, Marsha sat on the board of the American Freedom from Hunger organization. While on the board, she helped to organize the very first walk-a-thon in the United States. How about this: it was a 33-mile walk to fight hunger – in Fargo, North Dakota.
In the early ’70s, Marsha approached former vice president Hubert Humphrey with an idea she felt would be perfect for raising awareness about world hunger. She called the program “Thankful Giving.” Each Thanksgiving, Marsha proposed that families “pass the hat” and give a donation to a program that would help to stamp out hunger.
Humphrey was all for the idea, but told Marsha that she needed to write up the proposed legislation. Seven years later, the bill passed unanimously through the House and the Senate. Even though President Jimmy Carter mentioned “Thankful Giving” in his 1978 Thanksgiving proclamation, the program was never instituted because of a lack of funds. Marsha still works tirelessly, trying to get this simple program off the ground.
Helping the homeless in the Los Angeles area
From 1983 to 2001, Marsha Hunt was the honorary mayor of Sherman Oaks, over the hills separating the San Fernando Valley from the Los Angeles Westside. As mayor, she focused on helping the homeless in the Valley. She pulled together a committee of other honorary mayors and together they formed the charitable foundation Valley Mayor’s Fund for the Homeless. Marsha and the committee organized blanket drives, giving away thousands of Mylar blankets to the local homeless.
As a founder of the Valley Mayor’s Fund and a board member of the Valley Interfaith Council, she was instrumental in opening a much-needed homeless shelter in North Hollywood and the Woman’s Care Cottage, a center for battered women and children.
Marsha Hunt: Remembering the Committee for the First Amendment
There was one more event this past month in which Marsha Hunt participated. On Oct. 26, the 60th anniversary of the Committee for the First Amendment’s trip to Washington, the American Civil Liberties Union Foundation of Southern California and PEN WEST sponsored a celebration of this historic event. Marsha is one of a handful alive today who were on that Washington-bound plane, and who can attest to what really happened. You could hear a pin drop when Marsha spoke about the flight and how she came to be blacklisted. (Image: Marsha Hunt.)
After it was over, I marveled at all the young people who approached her and thanked her for opening their eyes to this tragedy of injustice. On the other hand, the saddest part of the evening was that here we had a witness to history talking about how our civil liberties were being attacked and not a single news outlet showed up at the event. As a matter of fact, even the Los Angeles Times failed to list it in their calendar section. Fortunately for history’s sake, the event was filmed for my upcoming documentary.
Marsha Hunt: Rising above adversity
In Marsha’s case, the irony of the blacklist is that without steady film work she was given the opportunity to see the problems the world was facing. She chose to rise above the adversity she faced over losing her acting career. With quiet dignity and determination, she spent the next 50-plus years making a difference in the world. She still does.
I think the greatest gift we can give to a blacklist survivor is to focus on the contributions that these people left to the world. In Marsha’s case, she was a well-loved actress who lit up the screen in such classics as Pride and Prejudice, None Shall Escape, and Raw Deal during Hollywood’s Golden Age. It doesn’t get any better than that. (If you don’t know her work, you owe it to yourself to rent her movies or buy her book.)
Additionally, her tireless dedication to Americans in uniform during the World War II years should not go unnoticed. And finally, people of all ethnic groups from around the world have been touched by Marsha’s generosity and pioneering work in raising money and awareness to alleviate hunger and oppression.
That is the legacy of Marsha Hunt: actress, social activist, humanitarian, loving wife, aunt, author, songwriter, record producer, great American. For that, she will be remembered.
A postscript to this story: As I was pulling into a parking lot several days ago, reaching over to grab a ticket, I saw a sign on top of the ticket dispenser that caught my eye. On it was a quote from another great American, Art Linkletter. The quote read: “Things turn out best for the people who make the best of the way things turn out.”
I grabbed a pen and pad and wrote it down. “This,” I thought, “sums up all that Marsha Hunt is about.”
© Roger C. Memos
More information about the documentary Marsha Hunt: Sweet Adversity can be found at the Hollywood & Art website.
Louis Jourdan, Marsha Hunt, Bobby Driscoll, Charles Boyer, Kurt Kasznar The Happy Time image: Columbia Pictures.
John Ireland, Marsha Hunt Raw Deal image: Eagle-Lion Films.
I think Marsha Hunt was unfairly treated. She was
And still is one of my favorite actresses. Even today such things are going on. It’s like we are destined to keep
Respeating the same mistakes over and over. We live in a society where we are supposed to have freedom of speech but do we? It seems to depend on who you are and what you choose to say. I don’t think too many people are happy with the world situation today but it doesn’t make us communist. Everyone is supposed to be able to speak their truth aren’t they?????
The United States of America as well as the world is a better place because of Ms Hunt—her talent, her beauty and charm but most of all her intelligence and courage. In the current age of Trump we need many more people like her. Many thanks to her!!!
Dearest Marsha I’m an old admirer of yours and Bobs I can
remember the days I used to come to play tennis on your court in the Valley. your graciousness was what I always admired most I’m 94 years old now and am so glad that you are still among us.I lost my Love a year ago after 53 years of marriage and still mourn for her every day.Like you and Bob we never had any children so I”m all alone now and it isn’t easy. I remember playing with Efrem and others —It was a lifetime ago.All my love and I know you still will grace the world with your kindness and beauty. Art Kendall
Sorry, email addresses are not allowed in comments.
If anyone knows how a Marsha Hunt doll can be purchased, please post the info here.
Dear Friends, Ms. hunt is my very favorite actress of all time! I have a first edition of her book “The Way We Wore”, she was so kind to sigh for me I love this book. the clothing , though in black and white are beautiful. MS. Hunt takes us on a jouney with the clothing that she wore in many movies, and can still wear today….I absolutely< LOVE IT, and it is Magnificent….I hate the way she and her husband were treated during the so called"Red Scare"! I wonder how they would handle that today??? If anyone knows how I can purchase a Marsha Hunt doll ..
I am always interested in news and articles about Marsha Hunt. She is a distant cousin of my late husband Darryl. We met her several years ago at A Dayton theater where she played in “Meet Me In St Louis” We attended a party with her after the show I have a signed program with a picture of her that you have in this article. Give her my best wishes and I hope she can reach 100 .
Dear Marsha, I just found this website. i can’t believe all the women who were named after Marsha Hunt. I too, am one of them. My parents were big movie fans and I have a brother named Dennis, after Dennis Morgan. After reading this article I am prouder than ever to wear the name Marsha. I have met three other Marsha’s named after Ms. Hunt. What a beautiful tribute to her. God bless you and if you are ever appearing in the Michigan area please let me know. MP
I have been a true and loyal fan for about 70 years.
You are one of the best looking actresses ever.
encompassing.MU wife and I lived at 6534 Muirland Dr in La Jolla,CA for over 7 years.
It would have been fun to meet you.
PS: Where did all the good looking well bred girls go?
S: Where did good looking well bred girls go?
The Paragon Agency has re-released Marsha Hunt’s book: The Way We Wore.
It’s a photographic book on the costume design of the classic era of film in the 30s and 40s. This by the actress who wore all the clothes in the photos and there are over 400 black and white photos. She now is 96 and we have decided to distribute her book.
Her career started with a contract at 17 in 1935 with Paramount then ran into a career at MGM. She has starred in many films, acted in over 60, plus more than 40 TV shows including starring in over half a dozen series. This not to mention her recordings, radio, and theater work. What a gal.
Production firms, clothing designers, photographers, even design schools need to see this; just turning the pages is an education. It’s really wonderful to look through and very addicting. It’s a visual encyclopedia of the Classic Film Era. The sets, the props, the actors, the clothes — nothing is missing here other that the word “Action.”
I just saw some of Marsha Hunt’s work tonight! Happy Birthday!
I HAVE JUST SEEN HER ON MY TREE SONS. IT IS GOOD TO KNOW THAT SHE IS STILL ALIVE AND GOING STRONG!
I adore her! Grew up seeing her in “Pride & Prejudice” but love her starring in “Affairs of Martha” & “Letter for Evie” even more.
I am so glad she’s a liberal too . Not just beautiful & talented, but smart. Hope she knows how much she’s appreciated.
I am a classics movie fan of TCM! I just looked up Ms. Marsha Hunt and was fascinated by her stamina and acting ability! Even tho she is not the “star” she could have been, due to the blacklisting of the 50’s, she is beautiful insided and out, and will always be a “star” to me! Thanks for posting her address, Roger.
I was named after Marsha Hunt..my mom was in a theater watching one of her movies (in 1948( and she really liked her, so here I am……
Dear Friend Marsha Hunt, We spent time with you on our cruise at Pearl Harbor for the 50th Anniversary.I looked you up on our computer and wish you many blessings for everything you have done for other people. My husband and I are 88 and 81 now and were married 63 years ago Sunday, Our friendship with you was so very special. I want to thank you from the bottom of my heart. Your movies were the greatest and I still see them On Turner Classics. Take care now. Much love, Del &Mary Gerth June 21,2011
I too am named after this incredible woman (by my father). At age 59 and a liberal, I am thrilled to be her namesake. I am in awe of her. -Marsha Hunt
At 56 I have been a movie fan all my life.Being a man I cannot help but appreciate a beautiful woman when she appears on the scene. I thought I had seen most of the attractive actresses over the years,not at all impressed by the current plastic surgery crowd. I recently watched The Human Comedy and was swept off my feet by Marsha Hunt,what a beautiful woman,and good actress,she was so fun to watch,I cant believe I have not heard more of her from “movie” persons . It was very interesting and sad to read that she was caught up in the RED Scare nonsense.What an interesting and useful life she led even after being treated so badly,she must have been an extraordinary person. Cant wait to watch more of her movies.Too bad we dont have more like her! Bob
I am glad I found this website. I have been a fan of Marsha’s since I read her book The way we wore:styles f the 1930’s and 40’s and our world since then. What she wrote about giving up gloves and hats as fashions changed made me feel for her. I am younger (wasn’t born when they were popular) but always wished these items were still in style. I have vintage gloves and hats I wwear them anyway! i am trying to watch every movie with Marsha that I can get my hands on!
Hello, I was so surprised to see how many girls have been named Marsha because their Mom’s loved the movie star, Marsha Hunt. I thought it was unique to me. I started doing research on this movie star that I was named after. I feel honored to have been named after her, it makes me like my name even more.
My great grandparents were named Hunt from County Wicklow in Ireland & we were always told that we were related to the great filmstar Marsha Hunt.
Is this possible ? Were Marsha’s family originally from Ireland ?
I would love to know as we are building a family tree for our children & grandchildren.
Happy Belated Birthday Pretty-Girl.
Loved you in RAW DEAL and SMASH-UP with Susan
Hayward. I thought you were prettier. KISS!
Can’t believe I had not found this site earlier!
I will always fondly remember meeting and visiting with Miss Hunt and consider every movie of hers that pops up on TCM the highlight of that day. She is a treasure!
Hello Beautiful Woman…
I Love YOU
My Mother never watched T.V. in her life except for National Geografic and Loyld Robertson News but she had seen you in a movie and fell in Love with your Name and You. She was so impressed by you she named me and I just seen your movie like two weeks ago before your Birthday> Mom passed @ 90 fine years Classic Women just like you and me Thank-You for still being here John3:3 Love and Prayers XoXo… P.S. I’d love to follow World Peace in Your Memory Amen. I’ll make my mark to you!
To me Marsha hunt is the embodyment of the term “charcter.” This young actress stood up to the bullying of the Congressional Committee in search of sensatonal publicity as they tore apart the established careers of great actors and directors. It was a shameful sight to see film super stars grovvel in front of the committee. Marsh stood her ground and told them to their face that what they were doing was un Constitunal.
I have the greatest admiration for this woman.
How wonderful to find this web site! I have always been a big fan and I am especially sympathetic in regards to the blacklist. It was a terrible time in this country and I am so sorry for the talented and bright people that suffered during it.
It’s wonderful to see that Marsha Hunt thrived and stayed committed to all of her good work of helping others around the world. And she still looks fantastic. I guess that’s what comes from being beautiful inside and out.
As the other two, my mother who was a veteran of WW2 (Navy) also named me after Marsha Hunt. After reading about her, I too, am honored.
So sorry that Marsha Hunt does not have an email address. But you can write to her at 13131 Magnolia Boulevard Sherman Oaks CA 91423.
and to the other Marsha - yes!! Marsha Hunt is an INSPIRATION!! your mom picked a cool lady to name you after! happy new year to all!
Hey Rog. What an extraordinary lady! I can see why you are building this documentary now. Keeo up the good work!
My mother named me after Marsha Hunt, it was my Mom’s favorite actress. What an honor to be named after Marsha Hunt.
I’m just learning about Marsha Hunt’s life, and I’m fascinated. I know I was named for her because my mother (deceased) was a fan. Is there an email address to which I could write her?