Maurice Jarre: 'Lawrence of Arabia' & 'Doctor Zhivago' Composer Has Died

by Andre Soares
Lawrence of Arabia by David Lean

Maurice JarreMaurice Jarre, best known for his Oscar-winning association with David Lean in films such as Lawrence of Arabia (1962), Doctor Zhivago (1965) and A Passage to India (1984), died in his sleep on March 28 at his home in Malibu after a brief illness. Some reports claimed that Jarre had cancer. He was 84.

Throughout his five-decade career in film and on television Jarre was nominated for nine Academy Awards, winning Oscars for the three aforementioned films with Lean. (Following Lawrence of Arabia, Lean only made three more films, all with Jarre as composer. Their other collaboration was Ryan's Daughter in 1970.)

Jarre also won two British Academy Awards – for Witness (1985) and Dead Poets Society (1989); four Golden Globes – for Doctor Zhivago, A Passage to India, Gorillas in the Mist (1988), and A Walk in the Clouds (1995); in addition to lifetime achievement awards from the European Film Academy in 2005 and, earlier this year, the Berlin Film Festival.

Eyes Without a Face

Ironically, the French-born Jarre (born in Lyon on Sept. 13, 1924) has never been nominated for the French Academy's César. Although he composed film scores for a number of French features in the late 1950s and throughout the 1960s, most notably Les Dragueurs (1959), Les Yeux sans visage / Eyes Without a Face (above, 1960), Sundays and Cybele (1962), the documentary To Die in Madrid (1963), and Is Paris Burning? (1966), Jarre became basically a Hollywood composer from the early 1970s on – whereas the first Césars were handed out in 1976.

Among Jarre's other film compositions are those for The Longest Day (1962), Grand Prix (1966); The Man Who Would Be King (1975), the miniseries Jesus of Nazareth (1978), the Oscar-winning German drama The Tin Drum (1979), The Year of Living Dangerously (1983), Fatal Attraction (1987), Ghost (1990), and Sunshine (1999).

Jarre may be best known and most admired for his work on David Lean's grandiose epics, but even though I like some of the music in those films I much prefer his haunting score for Eyes Without a Face.

Maurice Jarre's children are also in show business: Jean Michel Jarre is a composer-performer; Kevin Jarre a screenwriter; and Stéfanie Jarre a production designer.

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