Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer, which decades ago was the most financially stable of the Hollywood studios, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy on Wednesday.
Goldwyn, by then no longer associated with Samuel Goldwyn, was the largest production company of the three, but the out-of-control superspectacle Ben-Hur had badly damaged the studio's already shaken finances.
Louis B. Mayer, initially with the assistance of second-in-command Irving Thalberg, ruled over the MGM fiefdom for more than a quarter of a century, though both Mayer and Thalberg had to answer to Loews, Inc.'s New York office.
In about fifteen minutes Turner Classic Movies (website) viewers will be able to catch a glimpse of the glorious MGM of yore in King Vidor's Show People (1928), a silent comedy classic starring Marion Davies as a not-that-well disguised version of Gloria Swanson and William Haines, best remembered today as the gay actor who, according to legend (or rather, Anita Loos, who came up with some outlandish stories in her books), left Hollywood so he could remain committed to his male lover.
The famous MGM commissary shot features the following stars: the aforementioned Marion Davies, William S. Hart, Douglas Fairbanks, Norma Talmadge, John Gilbert, Mae Murray, Rod La Rocque, Renée Adorée, Leatrice Joy, George K. Arthur, Karl Dane, Aileen Pringle, Claire Windsor, Estelle Taylor, gossip columnist Louella Parsons, Dorothy Sebastian, and Polly Moran.
'A History of Hollywood' on TCM
The mammoth documentary, which kicked off at 5 p.m. PT today (the first episode, “Peepshow Pioneers,” will be shown again on TCM at 8 p.m.) features rarely seen photographs and film footage, clips from numerous American movie productions, and interviews with historians and major Hollywood figures, including Sidney Lumet, Richard Zanuck, Samuel Goldwyn Jr., Peter Bogdanovich, Gore Vidal, Molly Haskell, and TCM's own Robert Osborne.
Also this evening: the early Mary Pickford vehicle Ramona (1910), D.W. Griffith at the Biograph studios in 1909, seven early silent shorts based on the plays of William Shakespeare, the films of pioneer Thomas Edison, and the films of Georges Méliès, who, though no Hollywood filmmaker, was instrumental in the creation of early movie magic.
Moguls & Movie Stars was executive-produced by Bill Haber (TNT's Nightmares & Dreamscapes: From the Stories of Stephen King; Broadway's The History Boys and Monty Python's Spamalot) and written and produced by Jon Wilkman.
Moguls & Movie Stars will be presented on Mondays, with an encore on Wednesdays.
This evening's schedule/information below is from the TCM website:
6:00pm Films of Thomas Edison, The (1893)
8:00pm Moguls & Movie Stars, A History of Hollywood: Peepshow Pioneers (2010)
9:05pm D.W. Griffith with Biograph (1909)
11:10pm The Films of Georges Méliès (1896)
1:00am Silent Shakespeare (1908)
A collection of seven silent shorts based on the plays of William Shakespeare, including King John (1899), King Lear (1910) and Richard III (1911).
2:30am Ramona (1910)
In this silent short, a rancher's daughter runs off with a Native.
Cast: Mary Pickford, H. B. Walthall, Francis J. Grandon, Kate Bruce Dir: D.W. Griffith C-17 min.
Photo: via archives.gov.
'Casablanca' Oscar & Vivien Leigh Costumes: 'Moguls & Movie Stars' Exhibit
Turner Classic Movies' Moguls & Movie Stars: A History of Hollywood special tour tied to the seven-part documentary series that begins tonight at 5 p.m. PT on TCM will reach Los Angeles (at The Grove) on Nov. 18-20.
Among other artifacts, the exhibit will feature an Oscar statuette for Michael Curtiz's Casablanca; a costume worn by Moguls & Movie Stars narrator Christopher Plummer in The Sound of Music; a dress worn by Vivien Leigh in Gone with the Wind (1939); a red jacket worn by Marilyn Monroe in Niagara (1953); and a vest and coat worn by Rudolph Valentino in The Sheik (1921).
Also: an original bound script from Yankee Doodle Dandy, which earned James Cagney a Best Actor Oscar; a signed check from MGM to John Gilbert, one of the highest-paid stars in the silent era; a vintage silent film camera; and a demonstration of a zoetrope, an early precursor to motion pictures.
The additional information below is from the TCM press release:
The immersive exhibit also includes interactive panels that represent different aspects of the documentary series, including The History, The Moguls, The Movie Stars and The Audience. Fans will be able to experience classic movie imagery, film facts, Moguls & Movie Stars clips, touch screens with photographs of rare memorabilia from the studio era, classic movie trivia and a poll about favorite studio-era films.
The following is the schedule of TCM's Moguls & Movie Stars: A History of Hollywood upcoming exhibit tour (they've already covered Atlanta and New York):
- Denver (Nov. 4-6, during Denver Film Festival): King Center
- San Francisco (Nov. 11-12): Embarcadero Center
- Los Angeles (Nov. 18-20): The Grove
'The Bridge on the River Kwai' on TCM
David Lean's 1957 blockbuster and multiple Oscar winner The Bridge on the River Kwai will be presented tonight at 5 p.m. PT on Turner Classic Movies.
Many consider The Bridge on the River Kwai one of the greatest war movies ever made. Whether or not you agree with that assessment, Lean's war epic is surely one of the longest, clocking in at 162 minutes.
Alec Guinness deservedly won a Best Actor Oscar for his stiff-upper-lip British officer, while silent-screen veteran Sessue Hayakawa should have taken home the Best Supporting Actor Oscar as well – but lost to Red Buttons in another East Asian-set movie, Sayonara. William Holden (as box office bait) and Jack Hawkins are the other two top members of the extensive (nearly all-male) cast.
One of the major controversies regarding The Bridge on the River Kwai is that author Pierre Boulle, on whose novel the film was based, was officially credited for the screenplay adaptation. As a result, Boulle was honored with an Academy Award.
It took the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences 26 years (1984) to rectify that injustice. Carl Foreman died that same year; Michael Wilson had died in 1978.
Laurent Bouzereau's 2010 documentary The Making of The Bridge on the River Kwai is supposed to follow the feature presentation at 8:30 p.m. PT, but I suggest you check your local listings as the TCM website has David Lean's (very good) 1944 feature This Happy Breed preceding the documentary.
As per the TCM site, Bouzereau's documentary “includes archived footage of the cast and crew of The Bridge on the River Kwai at work, and shows much of the efforts that were required to make this piece of film history a reality.”
Schedule/film info from the TCM website:
5:00pm The Bridge on the River Kwai (1957)
The Japanese Army forces World War II POWs to build a strategic bridge in Burma.
Cast: William Holden, Alec Guinness, Jack Hawkins, Sessue Hayakawa Dir: David Lean C-162 min.
8:30pm The Making of The Bridge on the River Kwai (2010)