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Road to Movies: Pop Culture for the Sake of Pop Culture

Road to Singapore Bing Crosby Bob Hope Dorothy Lamour: Road to movies debut
Road to Singapore with Bing Crosby, Dorothy Lamour, and Bob Hope. Directed by veteran Victor Schertzinger (The Return of Peter Grimm, One Night of Love), the 1940 Road to Singapore became – however unexpectedly – the first of seven Road to comedies spanning more than two decades. For their part, Paramount contract players Crosby, Lamour, and Hope went on to become three of the biggest film stars of the 1940s.

The amazing ‘Road to’ movies: Pop culture for its own sake with Dorothy Lamour, Bing Crosby & Bob Hope

Ramon Novarro biography Beyond Paradise

I’ve made no secret of the fact that my Mike Taylor/Tony Solantro novels are very much influenced by the movies. The classic films of the ’30s and ’40s, mostly. That said, no other films influenced the style of my book series more than the Road to comedies starring Bing Crosby, Bob Hope, and the girl forever associated with the sarong, Dorothy Lamour.

These things were an industry phenomena, not only because they raked in the bucks like no previous musical-comedy series, but for the very nature of what they were – ’40s pop culture for the sake of being ’40s pop culture, quite unashamedly not pretending to be anything else. A reviewer once likened Hope and Crosby to a modern-day Tom Sawyer and Huckleberry Finn in search of adventure, but with other things also on their minds, e.g., sex, loot, a hint of larceny.

Stellar triumvirate

It was established early on that Crosby was the schemer and Hope his trusting companion, who, though a coward at heart, had just enough bravery to attempt his comrade’s get-rich-quick schemes – which usually ended in disaster.

One thing that instantly set those movies apart was the presence of three established stars in their own right in one series. This was long before franchises like that of the Ocean’s gang, whose actors, when unable to make the top-ten box office list individually, cram the movie full of names and then crow about how well “their” film did. Crosby, Hope, and Lamour’s solo starring pictures did very well on their own, thank you very much.

In fact, one source claims the reason the studio held back so long after releasing the third in the series – almost three years – was that the stars were bringing in so much money in their own pictures the Paramount moneymen cringed at the waste of throwing ’em all into one.

Jokes & music

It was also true that by the very nature of being such huge stars, these three were able to get away with jokes and plotlines that lesser lights would have been taken to the woodshed for.

Hope in the desert wastelands to Crosby: “Let’s hop over the next hill and see what’s dune …”

Ugh. But on the screen, in the midst of the almost surreal atmosphere, the line plays remarkably well.

And of course there were the songs, usually by that great team of Johnny Burke and Jimmy van Heusen, turning out such standards as “Moonlight Becomes You,” “Personality,” and the fabulous “But Beautiful.” Yeah, there was a lot of great music in those silly films.

Seven ‘Road to’ movies

There were seven Road adventures altogether, starting in 1940 with Road to Singapore and ending in 1962 with The Road to Hong Kong (with Joan Collins replacing Dorothy Lamour, who could be spotted in a cameo). All but the last entry were among the top box office grossers of the year.

There was quite literally nothing else like them at the time, and aside from some inside Hollywood jokes that might take a little research to understand today the strangest thing about these examples of ’40s pop culture is that they are ageless – a paradox if ever there was one.

It all started innocently enough, with no thought of creating a series. The Road to Singapore script had been passed over by a number of Paramount stars, from Fred MacMurray to George Burns and Gracie Allen, before being handed to the contracted trio.

Ramon Novarro biography Beyond Paradise

In late 1939, Crosby was just about at the end of his cinema string with a series of progressively lame formula pictures in which he played crooner Bing Crosby (something akin to what Elvis Presley would churn out in the ’60s). Relative newcomer Bob Hope was languishing in mostly B comedies, which, though profitable, were not where he pictured himself on the Hollywood ladder. Lamour looked great and could sing pleasantly, but the former Miss New Orleans of 1931 seemed destined to play exotic island girls until her looks faded along with one of her film’s Technicolor sunsets.

Road to Singapore trailer with Bing Crosby, Dorothy Lamour, and Bob Hope. Victor Schertzinger handled both this first entry and the second movie in the series, Road to Zanzibar, which came out in 1941 – the year of Schertzinger’s death.

‘Road to Singapore’ led to film anarchy & superstardom

Directed by Victor Schertzinger, the finished Road to Singapore emerged as a rather tame South Seas comedy-adventure with music. However, the chemistry between the stars was instantaneous and contagious. So were the box office results. Thus, almost overnight the trio found themselves at the top of the Hollywood heap – Bing Crosby for a much-needed second time.

The public ate up the combination, leading one reviewer to comment in retrospect that when compared to the zany anarchy of the rest of the series, Road to Singapore must be regarded as one of the most successful failures in Hollywood history.

It was here for the first time that Hope and Crosby did the “pat-a-cake” routine, wherein whenever in need of a quick, violent exit from the clutches of villains they would cheerfully begin playing like children off each other’s palms before suddenly unleashing a punch to the jaws of their captors.

Justifiably smelling a potential gold mine, the following year Paramount released Road to Zanzibar, with Schertzinger once again assigned as director. This time around, slight signs of the series’ famous anarchy began to show.

‘Will you two idiots let me get my line in?’

A send-up of jungle safari pictures, Road to Zanzibar features Hope and Crosby straining to get off the chain. The “we know this is a movie and so do you or you wouldn’t be sitting in the audience” attitude began to furtively raise its head. Ad-libbing while the cameras were rolling became frequent. (It has been said that many of these “ad-libs” were carefully scripted into the margins of Hope and Crosby’s individual shooting scripts by their radio writers. The fun was that reportedly neither sprang their quip on the other until the scene was actually being shot.)

The pair’s banter shot back and forth like a ping-pong ball at warp speed – so much so in fact, that during one scene with Dorothy Lamour she reportedly threw up her hands and shouted, “Will you two idiots let me get my line in?”

Parodies & more music

Though a frequently hysterical outing, nothing really otherworldly takes place in Road to Zanzibar, with the possible exception of Crosby and Lamour’s moonlight canoe ride on a jungle river. She comments on romantic scenes in movies where a couple are in a boat – just like they are – and suddenly a full orchestra comes up for the pair to sing a love song.

Agreeing to its ridiculousness, Crosby proceeds to get a harp chord from dragging his hand in the water, tells a bird overhead what key to sing in, and before long the entire musical background is complete for the lovely “It’s Always You.”

Audiences adored laughing and winking knowingly at one another as “insiders.” After all, hadn’t they always rolled their eyes at full orchestras in the jungle, as well?

When the boys reprise the pat-a-cake bit to escape from cannibals, the natives find it so hysterical they all join in the game and end up slugging each other senseless as Hope and Crosby beat an unnoticed retreat. Again, Paramount execs rubbed their hands at the box office jingle.

Ramon Novarro biography Beyond Paradise
Road to Morocco Dorothy Lamour: Victor Schertzinger movie among top box office hits
Road to Morocco with Dorothy Lamour. Directed by David Butler, the 1942 absurdist comedy Road to Morocco remains the best-known Road movie. It was also one of the year’s top box office hits and an Oscar nominee for Best Original Screenplay and Best Sound Recording. “Exotic” Dorothy Lamour was an intrinsic side of the Road movies’ romantic triangle, co-starring in six of the seven films in the series. The exception was the final entry, The Road to Hong Kong, in which Lamour was seen in a cameo – and which also differs from its predecessors in that it’s the only Road movie not released by Paramount; United Artists handled its distribution.

‘Road to Morocco’: Best remembered ‘Road to’ movie

With the 1942 release of the third entry, Road to Morocco, the die was cast for the rest of the series. Bob Hope and Bing Crosby had finally broken the chain. Directed by silent-comedy performer David Butler, this Road installment was an Arabian Nights spoof, crammed with outrageous sight gags and dialogue. It is probably the outing best remembered by fans today.

The pair opens the picture riding a camel through the desert while singing the film’s title song with lyrics like, “As for any villains/we haven’t any fears/Paramount will protect us cause we’re signed for five more years!” From that point on, Road to Morocco moves quickly, with Crosby, in need of some quick cash, selling Hope into what he believes is slavery. (In all fairness, he does intend to break him out later.) A horrified Hope glancing at the big burly man who has just bought him, snatches Crosby’s lapels.

“You know what they do with slaves in this country? They beat ’em and make ’em pick cotton!”

“They don’t pick cotton, here,” Crosby assures him.

“Well,” Hope replies. “They beat ‘ya for whatever they’re picking! I know, I saw Uncle Tom’s Cabin twice!”

Luscious princess Lamour

When it turns out Hope has actually been sold to the luscious Princess Shalmar (Dorothy Lamour), Crosby comes to a rescue that Hope, of course, wants no part of. The battle of who’ll out-con the other for the girl and the throne begins; one that was to become a trademark of the relationship.

When pat-a-cake is tried on desert sheik Anthony Quinn and his henchmen, this time it’s Hope and Crosby that end up flat on their backs. Rubbing his sore jaw from the ground, Crosby says to his partner, “Yeah, Junior … that thing sure got around!” Hope: “Yeah, and back to us!”

Road to Morocco is slick, glossy, and gorgeously photographed by veteran William C. Mellor. It remains the only Road film to date selected for registry by the National Film Preservation Board.

Audience ‘participation’ & Oscar nomination

By then, audiences were coming in pre-conditioned to what they were about to see, although “participate in” might be a more apt phrase. There was no fourth wall for the actors to break – by talking to or about the audience – because that wall was never put up to begin with.

For instance, when Hope, Crosby, and Lamour sing a reprise of “Moonlight Becomes You” in the middle of the desert, their voices interchange in each others’ mouths with every chorus. A camel remarks, “This is the screwiest picture I’ve ever been in!” Well, after all, it’s a Road picture.

Despite all the on-screen craziness, in one of the ironies only Hollywood can produce Road to Morocco was, of all things, nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay (for Frank Butler and Don Hartman).

You wouldn’t think they could – or would have dared – to push the envelope any further, but they did. It had been nearly four years between “Roads,” but the public had not begun to tire of the franchise.

Road to Rio Bing Crosby Dorothy Lamour: Conventional but successful musical comedy
Road to Rio with Bing Crosby and Dorothy Lamour. A more conventional musical comedy, in addition to Road stars Bing Crosby, Dorothy Lamour, and Bob Hope, Norman Z. McLeod’s Road to Rio feature the Andrews Sisters and a supporting cast that include Best Supporting Actress Oscar winner Gale Sondergaard (Anthony Adverse, 1936), Frank Faylen, George Meeker, Joseph Vitale, and Frank Puglia. In addition to Johnny Burke and Jimmy Van Heusen songs such as “Experience” and “You Have to Know the Language.”

Anarchic ‘Road to Utopia’ & ‘legitimate’ entry ‘Road to Rio’

Released in 1946, Road to Utopia is the series’ only period piece. Set in turn-of-the-20th-century Klondike, the comedy is filled with Hollywood inside jokes, talking animals, and ad-libs like none before or since. It was bona fide film anarchy. Therefore, it was only – ahem – natural that another nomination for Best Original Screenplay (for Melvin Frank and Norman Panama) would follow.

But since Road to Utopia was such lunacy, there was really no comedic place left to go. As a result, the formula was slightly tweaked to that of a standard musical comedy for Road to Rio in 1947, which in many ways remains the most well-crafted and “legitimate” picture in the series.

The addition of the Andrews Sisters as guest stars suggests that the variations on the trio’s modus operandi was wearing thin even if the fun had far from faded. Despite the downshift in format, Road to Rio remains a delight.

‘Road to Bali’ in Technicolor – but spontaneity about gone

With the 1952 entry Road to Bali – in Technicolor – the old anarchy returned, though for the first time there was a mechanical air to it. All the tried-and-true Hollywood inside jokes and cameos are there, among them a memorable Humphrey Bogart tugging the “African Queen” down a jungle river, but while Road to Bali is very funny, it does feel calculated for effect. The free-wheeling spirit had been dulled.

Road to Bali was the end of the Road for Paramount, but not for Bob Hope and Bing Crosby. Ten years later, they bankrolled funding for The Road to Hong Kong (note the addition of the article), shot in England and released through United Artists in 1962.

The Road to Hong Kong Joan Collins Bing Crosby Bob Hope: Last Road movie
The Road to Hong Kong with Joan Collins, Bing Crosby, and Bob Hope. In the final Road movie, the 1962 release The Road to Hong Kong, future Dynasty star Joan Collins – instead of old-timer Dorothy Lamour – was selected as the leading lady to the much older Bing Crosby and Bob Hope. Norman Panama directed from a screenplay by Panama and frequent partner Melvin Frank, both of whom had received an Oscar nomination in the Best Original Screenplay category for the 1945 Road to Utopia. Also in The Road to Hong Kong cast: Peter Sellers, Robert Morley, and Felix Aylmer.

Dorothy Lamour discarded from last ‘Road to’ film

With The Road to Hong Kong, the old Hollywood double standard – older actors can be paired with younger actresses, but not the other way around – was to raise its head in the case of Dorothy Lamour. Over the loud objections of Bob Hope, youthful Joan Collins was cast as “the girl in the middle,” with Dotty relegated to a “guest star” role near the end of the film.

Incidentally, Hope was right. The whimsical chemistry is missing between him, Crosby, and Collins, a point driven mightily home when Lamour shows up and the magic of the old days suddenly shifts into high gear. Despite this near-blasphemous recasting, with the Road to Utopia team of Norman Panama and Melvin Frank writing and with Panama directing, Hong Kong didn’t fare badly.

No more ‘Road to’ movies

The Road to Hong Kong turned out to be the team’s swan song, but only because of Bing Crosby’s death in 1977. At the time, plans were in the works for “The Road to the Fountain of Youth.” I should add that unlike most swan songs, The Road to Hong Kong is actually better than the previous Road effort. The ’40s pop-culture phenomenon was really ageless, after all.

A Paramount writer once said there was a simple formula for a Road picture: “Get ’em up a tree, throw rocks at ’em, get ’em down from the tree.”

Personally, I’d say: Add exotic locales, great songs, anything-for-a-laugh jokes, audience “participation,” and three stars who click like a well-oiled machine, and that’s really all you need.

It’s difficult to capture the feel of these films on a page … trust me, I know. So, treat yourself to a look at some random moments of craziness from the series in the DTS-TV production, “Road Smiles.” If you’re a fan, you’re probably already smiling at the thought. If you’re new to the pictures, be prepared to become a fan.

Article text © Derek Taylor Shayne. Image captions © Alt Film Guide.

Bing Crosby, Dorothy Lamour, and Bob Hope Road to Singapore image: Paramount Pictures.

Dorothy Lamour Road to Morocco image: Paramount Pictures.

Bing Crosby and Dorothy Lamour Road to Rio image: Paramount Pictures.

Bing Crosby, Joan Collins, and Bob Hope The Road to Hong Kong image: United Artists.

Road to Singapore trailer: Paramount Pictures.

Road to Morocco cast info on the IMDb.

Road to Movies: Pop Culture for the Sake of Pop Culture + Anarchy & Music” last updated in April 2018.

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doug -

I am not alone! I’ve watched these movies time and time again…

Fred -

What’s not to love about Bing, Bob, & Dotty? Excellent essay, thanks.


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