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The Bad Sleep Well: Kurosawa’s Corporate Corruption Drama Merits Recognition

The Bad Sleep Well Toshiro Mifune 1960The Bad Sleep Well movie with Toshiro Mifune. Although not as well known as Rashomon or Seven Samurai, Akira Kurosawa’s 1960 corporate corruption drama should be recognized as one of the filmmaker’s best.
  • The Bad Sleep Well (1960) movie review: Starring Toshiro Mifune at his most restrained and most effective, Akira Kurosawa’s generally overlooked corporate corruption drama deserves to be recognized as one of the filmmaker’s greatest efforts.

The Bad Sleep Well movie review: Akira Kurosawa’s corporate corruption drama deserves recognition as one of director’s best

Akira Kurosawa’s The Bad Sleep Well / Warui yatsu hodo yoku nemuru is often compared to William Shakespeare’s Hamlet, but that’s an inapt analogy. While Shakespeare’s play has a higher sense of poetry, Kurosawa’s 1960 film – though a high-class melodrama – has far more relevance, realism, and complexity.

Its purported Shakespearean pedigree and the fact that it’s not set in medieval Japan have resulted in The Bad Sleep Well not getting its proper due, especially when compared to the acclaim accorded to Rashomon, Ikiru, and Seven Samurai.

That’s unfortunate.

Despite its melodramatic bent and film noir roots – heightened by Masaru Sato’s wonderful score, which alternates the darkness of certain moments with almost carnivalesque music – The Bad Sleep Well is both well written (screenplay credited to Kurosawa, Shinobu Hashimoto, Eijirô Hisaita, Ryuzo Kikushima, and Hideo Oguni) and superbly paced.

Chilling conclusion

In the film’s opening sequences at a corporate wedding, fully Westernized to the tune of “Here Comes the Bride,” we find jackal-like members of the press reminiscent of the paparazzi in Federico Fellini’s masterpiece La Dolce Vita (released earlier in the year).

Because of a budding scandal, the reporters are ready to pounce on any irregularity. A subsequent montage of newspaper headlines puts to shame those used in pre-World War II Hollywood gangster films.

The bulk of The Bad Sleep Well’s narrative setup is thus displayed and allowed to unravel for the next two hours. Yet the plot hardly ever follows the standard melodramatic arc of having the characters’ dumbest possible actions dictate its development.

For this reason, the ending is both realistic and one of the most chilling in film history. In fact, perhaps only the Armageddon scenes in Stanley Kubrick’s Dr. Strangelove are more disturbing.

Things not as they seem

The storyline follows corporate executive Koichi Nishi (a bespectacled Toshiro Mifune), who isn’t the person he claims to be.

Married to Yoshiko (Kyôko Kagawa), the crippled daughter of Public Corporation Vice President Iwabuchi (Masayuki Mori), Nishi comes across as a nepotistic corporate climber. It turns out that he is instead the bastard son of an executive who was forced to commit suicide following a prior scandal. Slowly, methodically, Nishi has planned his vengeance against the corporate leaders.

Iwabuchi – whose company is under scrutiny because of a kickback scheme – is one of the most restrained and deadly screen villains in history. His assistant, Moriyama, played by the always superb Kurosawa regular Takashi Shimura, is almost as evil but far more craven.

And then there’s the perpetually confused and dour contract officer Shirai (Kô Nishimura), who is driven crazy by visions of the head accountant Wada (Kamatari Fujiwara), another corporate officer who apparently has committed suicide.

Things, however, aren’t all what they seem to be.

‘Almost childish’ corporate corruption

The Bad Sleep Well does a wonderful job of showing the festering corruption that is an inevitable consequence of the profit-oriented corporate mindset that slacks off public responsibility, and the particularly Japanese obsession with falling on the sword, so to speak, for one’s superiors.

At one point, Wada says, “You don’t understand bureaucrats. A good official never implicates a superior, no matter what the cost.” He later tells Nishi, “You’re up against a terrifying system that will never yield,” to which Nishi replies, “Everyone feels that way and gives up. That’s how they get away with it.”

Ultimately, it’s the long-cowed Wada who is correct.

The saddest thing is that the corruption detailed in The Bad Sleep Well feels almost childish when compared to Enron, Worldcom, and the many others in the years since. In a sense, Iwabuchi isn’t even the top criminal in the film. That title would belong to the corporation’s little-seen president, Arimura (Ken Mitsuda), who, later on, when things seem to be going against his company, sends over a vial of poison for Iwabuchi to do himself in.

Watching The Bad Sleep Well, one can see how the militarists that arose in the early 20th century were able to lead their country down the path to near-oblivion.

The Bad Sleep Well Toshiro Mifune Kô NishimuraThe Bad Sleep Well with Toshiro Mifune and Kô Nishimura (1923–1997), who would join forces with both Mifune and Akira Kurosawa on three other features: Yojimbo (1961), High and Low (1963), and Red Beard (1965).

‘Wonderful moments’

Detailing the minutiae of the plot of such a complex film is pretty much pointless and would make The Bad Sleep Well seem tedious – something it’s not.

In fact, Kurosawa’s film is rife with wonderful moments and performances. One such is the scene in which, after kidnapping Moriyama and locking him in the underground ruins of a pre-World War II munitions plant, Nishi, in a setting that evokes the finale in The Third Man, reminisces about the pre-war days.

The cinematography, by Godzilla assistant cameraman Yuzuru Aizawa, is superb. The scenes in which Nishi and Wada drive Shirai mad are masterful examples of black-and-white lighting that rival those found in the works of Carl Theodor Dreyer.

As a plus, the acting is first-rate: There’s the always reliable Takashi Shimura; the perfectly restrained evil of Masayuki Mori, the wonderfully over-the-top looniness of Kô Nishimura; the stellar cravenness of Kamatari Fujiwara; the semi-incestuous, off-kilter performance of Tatsuya Mihashi as Iwabuchi’s other daughter, Tatsuo; and the hammy, enigmatic Takeshi Katô as Nishi’s partner.

Yet The Bad Sleep Well truly belongs to Toshiro Mifune.

Toshiro Mifune at his best

Unlike his (however terrific) wildly over-the-top work in Rashomon and Seven Samurai, in The Bad Sleep Well Toshiro Mifune gets to display the full range of his acting chops: His disguise as a corporate secretary, his acts of kindness that ultimately do him in, and his tenderly restrained love scenes with Yoshiko.

Nishi’s internalized anguish allows Mifune to act with small instead of grand gestures; as a result, scenery-chewing gives way to real acting. Of the roles I’ve seen him in, this is by far Mifune’s best.

Curiously, it takes a good half hour before Nishi emerges as the film’s central character and puppet master. That’s how much confidence Akira Kurosawa had in his cinematic and narrative talents; imagine a Tom Cruise or Julia Roberts star vehicle going a half hour into the plot without a major scene for them.

Toshiro Mifune was a major star in his day, but the film itself is always bigger.

‘Masterpiece’ on a par with Seven Samurai

In all, The Bad Sleep Well is an excellent film; it’s every bit as worthy of being called a masterpiece as Ikiru and Seven Samurai.

If only because of Rashomon’s weak last act, Kurosawa’s 1960 corporate drama is actually better than that universally acknowledged classic. Despite the melodrama, it’s also far better than nearly every American film noir I’ve seen.

If Shakespeare teaches one thing, it’s that the difference between true drama and melodrama often rests only on the excellence of its presentation. On that score, The Bad Sleep Well is great drama.

And in the real world, the bad do sleep well.

The Bad Sleep Well / Warui yatsu hodo yoku nemuru (1960)

Director: Akira Kurosawa.

Screenplay: Akira Kurosawa, Shinobu Hashimoto, Eijirô Hisaita, Ryuzo Kikushima, and Hideo Oguni.

Cast: Toshiro Mifune. Takashi Shimura. Masayuki Mori. Kyôko Kagawa. Tatsuya Mihashi. Kô Nishimura. Takeshi Katô. Kamatari Fujiwara. Chishu Ryu. Ken Mitsuda.

The Bad Sleep Well: Kurosawa’s Corporate Corruption Drama Merits Recognition” review text © Dan Schneider; excerpt, image captions, bullet point introduction, and notes/endnotes © Alt Film Guide.

The Bad Sleep Well: Kurosawa’s Corporate Corruption Drama Merits Recognition” is a condensed/revised version of Dan Schneider’s text currently found in its original form here.


The Bad Sleep Well” endnotes

Akira Kurosawa’s The Bad Sleep Well is available on DVD via The Criterion Collection.

Toshiro Mifune and Kô Nishimura The Bad Sleep Well movie images: The Criterion Collection.

The Bad Sleep Well: Kurosawa’s Corporate Corruption Drama Merits Recognition” last updated in September 2021.

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