The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences will celebrate the career of Oscar winner Vanessa Redgrave, one of the most distinguished performers of the second half of the 20th century, with its “first-ever European tribute to an actor.” The Redgrave salute will take place on Sunday, November 13, in London. Hosted by two-time Oscar nominee David Hare (The Hours, The Reader), the event will feature special guests Meryl Streep, Ralph Fiennes, James Earl Jones, Eileen Atkins, and Redgrave's daughter Joely Richardson. Past Academy President Sid Ganis will introduce the evening.
Who would have thought … Vanessa Redgrave, who has been reviled by many because of both her left-wing political stance and her support for the Palestinian cause. Back in March 1978, Redgrave used her Oscar victory (as Best Supporting Actress for Julia) to thank Academy members for voting for her despite pressure from “Zionist hoodlums.” Some booed her speech and later in the ceremony she was chastised by Best Screenplay presenter Paddy Chayefsky.
Fast forward to 74-year-old Vanessa Redgrave in 2011, after a number of personal tragedies and many more terrific performances. As per the Academy's press release, the salute will “explore Redgrave's dramatic range and exquisite skill. Hare has created three film sequences, each with its own narrative, showing the depth and array of characters that Redgrave has inhabited.”
The Redgrave minibio below was also taken from the release. They could have included that she was married to Oscar winner Tony Richardson; Liam Neeson is her widowed son-in-law:
A member of the distinguished Redgrave acting family [father Michael Redgrave, mother Rachel Kempson, brother Corin Redgrave, sister Lynn Redgrave, daughters Joely and Natasha Richardson], Vanessa rose to prominence in 1961, playing Rosalind in As You Like It with the Royal Shakespeare Company. Since then, she has made dozens of stage appearances and has appeared in more than 70 films. In addition to the Oscar she received for her supporting performance in Julia (1977), and her nominations for Morgan! (1966), Isadora (1968), Mary, Queen of Scots (1971), The Bostonians (1984) and Howards End (1992), Redgrave's honors include Olivier, Tony, Emmy, Screen Actors Guild and Cannes Film Festival awards. She stars in Anonymous, now in release, and the upcoming Coriolanus. Redgrave is also appearing in the West End stage production of Driving Miss Daisy.
“An Academy Salute to Vanessa Redgrave” is an invitation-only event.
Vanessa Redgrave photo: Simon Leibowitz / © A.M.P.A.S.
Vanessa Redgrave, 1978 Oscar ceremony (© AMPAS)
Vanessa Redgrave, Best Supporting Actress Oscar winner for Julia, will be the recipient of an Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences salute on Sunday, November 13, in London. “An Academy Salute to Vanessa Redgrave” is billed as the Academy's “first-ever European tribute to an actor.”
Two-time Oscar nominee David Hare (The Hours, The Reader), will host the event, which will also feature Meryl Streep, Eileen Atkins, Redgrave's Coriolanus director and co-star Ralph Fiennes, this year's Honorary Oscar recipient James Earl Jones, and Redgrave's daughter Joely Richardson. Former Academy President Sid Ganis will introduce the evening.
Vanessa Redgrave has been nominated for a total of six Academy Awards. Her Best Supporting Actress win for Fred Zinnemann's World War II-set drama Julia, in which Redgrave has the elusive title role, was her only win. (Meryl Streep made her feature film debut in that 1977 drama.) Though Redgrave fully deserved the honor, her victory on March 29, 1978, has become chiefly notable for the controversy surrounding it. Things got so heated come Oscar time that the pro-Palestinian Redgrave had to be brought to the awards ceremony in an ambulance, which dropped her off in the underground garage so Jewish Defense League protesters wouldn't heckle her.
Below is Redgrave's boo-and-hiss-peppered Oscar acceptance speech, taken from Damien Bona and Mason Wiley's excellent Academy Award history book Inside Oscar:
My dear colleagues, I thank you very much for this tribute to my work. I think Jane Fonda [as Lillian Hellman in Julia] and I have done the best work of our lives and I think this is in part due to our director, Fred Zinnemann [best remembered for From Here to Eternity and A Man for All Seasons].
And I also think it's in part because we believed and we believe in what we were expressing – two out of millions who gave their lives and were prepared to sacrifice everything in the fight against fascist and racist Nazi Germany.
And I salute you and I pay tribute to you and I think you should be very proud that in the last few weeks you stood firm and have refused to be intimated by the threats of a small bunch of Zionist hoodlums whose behavior is an insult to the stature of Jews all over the world and their great and heroic record of struggle against fascism and oppression.
And I salute that record and I salute all of you for having stood firm and dealt a final blow against that period when Nixon and McCarthy launched a worldwide witch-hunt against those who tried to express in their lives and their work the truth that they believed in. I salute you and I thank you and I pledge to you that I will continue to fight against anti-Semitism and fascism.
According to Bona and Wiley, as Redgrave exited the stage with presenter John Travolta, protesters outside the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in downtown Los Angeles set on fire a Redgrave effigy marked with the words “Vanessa is a Murderer.”
[Photo: Vanessa Redgrave, bearing an uncanny resemblance to Natasha Richardson, as ballerina Isadora Duncan in Isadora.]
Later on, at the behest of producer Daniel Melnick (Straw Dogs, Making Love) screenwriter Paddy Chayefsky (The Goddess, Network) prefaced his announcement of the Best Screenwriting Oscar with the following (also via Inside Oscar):
Before I get on to the writing awards, there's a little matter I'd like to tidy up … at least if I expect to live with myself tomorrow morning. I would like to say, personal opinion, of course, that I'm sick and tired of people exploiting the Academy Awards for the propagation of their own personal propaganda. I would like to suggest to Miss Redgrave that her winning an Academy Award is not a pivotal moment in history, does not require a proclamation and a simple “Thank you” would have sufficed.
Chayefsky's use of the Academy Awards to make that particular political statement – that no political statements should be made at the Academy Awards – received enthusiastic applause. (Los Angeles Herald-Examiner columnist Denis Hamill wrote beautifully about Chayefsky's and his supporters' hypocrisy.)
Ironically, as pointed out in Inside Oscar, Chayefsky got so carried away with his proselytizing that he was going to announce the winners without first naming the nominees. So much for hopping on stage merely to say “Thank you” or to salute the year's Academy honorees. (Personally, I'm with two-time Oscar winner Luise Rainer, who has lambasted those whose idea of great Oscar acceptance speeches is to thank their mothers.)
Besides Chayefsky, who later bragged that Redgrave “tried to speak to me afterward and I cut her dead,” many in the Academy were angered by Redgrave's speech. Some, however, defended her, including Karen Black, Joan Hackett, and Moshe Mizrahi, the Israeli director of Best Foreign Language Film winner Madame Rosa. Jack Nicholson failed to see what all the fuss was about: “I guess it's fine. But I'm not a well-read person … What are these Zionists? Are they reds? There've been threats? I've been skiing.”
And what a difference three decades make. Does that mean Michael Moore will be getting his salute in Flint, Michigan, in 2035?
For the record, Julia is based on Lillian Hellman's highly fictionalized book of memoirs Pentimento. The character of Julia is said to have been inspired by Muriel Gardiner, who didn't die fighting Nazis but lived on to write her own book of memoirs. Redgrave, by the way, is the only performer to have won an Academy Award in a supporting category for playing the (full) title role in a movie. (There's also fellow Julia player Meryl Streep, whose character was half the title of Kramer vs. Kramer.) Redgrave's other five Oscar nods were for the following:
- Morgan! (1966); the winner was Elizabeth Taylor for Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? (that year Redgrave was in competition with sister Lynn Redgrave, in the running for Georgy Girl)
- Isadora (1968); the winners were Katharine Hepburn for The Lion in Winter and Barbra Streisand for Funny Girl
- Mary, Queen of Scots (1971); the winner was Jane Fonda for Klute
- The Bostonians (1984); the winner was Sally Field for Places in the Heart
- Howards End (1992), in the supporting category; the winner was Marisa Tomei for My Cousin Vinny.
The November 13 “Academy Salute to Vanessa Redgrave,” by the way, is an invitation-only event. Get your invitation now…
Vanessa Redgrave/Isadora photos: Courtesy of AMPAS